Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-31607 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 20 article 925 pages: 239-245

Sugeng Hadi Susilo*
State Polytechnic of Malang, Department Mechanical, Engineering, Indonesia

Asrori Asrori
State Polytechnic of Malang, Department Mechanical, Engineering, Indonesia

Gumono Gumono
State Polytechnic of Malang, Department Mechanical, Engineering, Indonesia

The article discusses the efficiency analysis of the Photovoltaic (PV) modules, namely polycrystalline and amorphous. The performance in question is the instantaneous efficiency obtained from the measurement of the voltage (V) and current (I) data generated by the two PV modules. In addition, it aims to determine the effect of solar radiation on the output power of polycrystalline and amorphous PV modules. The research was conducted in September 2020, with the outdoor location of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, State Polytechnic of Malang (7,944 °S; 112,613 °E). The independent variables in this study are the current and voltage generated, and the type of PV Module (Polycrystalline and Amorphous). The dependent variable in this study is the actual power and instantaneous efficiency. Measurement of solar radiation using the Glentest SM 206 Solar Power Meter. Measurement of Current and Voltage using a Digital V-I Meter. The results showed that the greater the solar radiation, the higher the actual power and efficiency generated by the PV Module. Polycrystalline PV Modules are capable of producing higher average actual power and average instantaneous efficiency, which are 86.83 W and 11.92% when compared to Amorphous PV Modules, which are 43.88 W and 6.01%.

View article

The author would like to express his appreciation to the Indonesian Ministry of Research. Technology and Higher Education (RISTEKDIKTI) and State Polytechnic of Malang for the support of this research sponsorship.

1. Asrori, A., Suparman, S., Wahyudi, S., Widhiyanuriyawan, D. (2020). An experimental Study of Solar cooker Performance With thermal Concentrator System by spot Fresnel lens. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 5 (8 (107)),31–41.doi:

2. M. H. Hasan, T. M. I. Mahlia, and H. Nur, “A review on energy scenario and sustainable energy in Indonesia,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 2316–2328, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.12.007.

3. N. A. Handayani and D. Ariyanti, “Potency of solar energy applications in Indonesia,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Dev., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 33–38, 2012, doi: 10.14710/ijred.1.2.33-38.

4. M. Adouane, A. Al-Qattan, B. Alabdulrazzaq, and A. Fakhraldeen, “Comparative performance evaluation of different photovoltaic modules technologies under Kuwait harsh climatic conditions,” Energy Reports, vol. 6, pp. 2689–2696, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2020.09.034.

5. E. Cuce, P. M. Cuce, I. H. Karakas, and T. Bali, “An accurate model for photovoltaic (PV) modules to determine electrical characteristics and thermodynamic performance parameters,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 146, pp. 205–216, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.05.022.

6. S. Abdul-Ganiyu, D. A. Quansah, E. W. Ramde, R. Seidu, and M. S. Adaramola, “Investigation of solar photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) and solar photovoltaic (PV) performance: A case study in Ghana,” Energies, vol. 13, no. 11, 2020, doi: 10.3390/en13112701.

7. A. H. Shnishil, S. S. Chid, M. J. Yaseen, and T. J. Alwana, “Influence of air mass on the performance of many types of PV modulus in Baghdad,” Energy Procedia, vol. 6, pp. 153–159, 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.05.018.

8. O. O. Ogbomo, E. H. Amalu, N. N. Ekere, and P. O. Olagbegi, “A review of photovoltaic module technologies for increased performance in tropical climate,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 75, pp. 1225–1238, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.109.

9. B. Bechtel, “A new global climatology of annual land surface temperature,” Remote Sens., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 2850–2870, 2015, doi: 10.3390/rs70302850.

10. D. T. Cotfas and P. A. Cotfas, “Comparative Study of Two Commercial Photovoltaic Panels under Natural Sunlight Conditions,” Int. J. Photoenergy, vol. 2019, 2019, doi: 10.1155/2019/8365175.

11. Asrori, A., Suparman, S., Wahyudi, S., Widhiyanuriyawan, D. (2020). Investigation of steam generation performance on conical cavity receiver by different geometric concentration ratios for fresnel lens solar concentrator. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 4 (8 (106)), 6–14. doi:

12. G. Ciulla, V. Lo Brano, V. Franzitta, and M. Trapanese, “Assessment of the operating temperature of crystalline PV modules based on real use conditions,” Int. J. Photoenergy, vol. 2014, 2014, doi: 10.1155/2014/718315.

13. Z. Usman, J. Tah, H. Abanda, and C. Nche, “A Critical Appraisal of PV-Systems ’ Performance,” pp. 1–22, 2020.