Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-33617 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 20 article 991 pages: 852-860

Omed Akber Abbass*
University of Kirkuk, College of Engineering, Mechanical Eng. Dept. Kirkuk, Iraq

Ayaz Aydin Abduljabbar
University of Kirkuk, College of Engineering, Mechanical Eng. Dept. Kirkuk, Iraq

In this research, the effect of vacuum on the thermal efficiency of a heat pipe solar collector is investigated. A comparative study of solar energy loss through different transparent covering materials, including different thicknesses of clear Polycarbonate (PC) and glass sheets, is performed to choose the best covering material. The results of solar energy loss tests show that for a 4mm, and 6mm thickness covering materials, transparent PC sheets have 11% and 22% less solar energy loss respectively than glass sheets. Three cases of flat heat pipe solar collector with different covering designs that are: no cover, non-vacuumed, and vacuumed double layer PC sheets are tested. Results show that the combination of a 4mm high transmittance PC cover with vacuumed spacing results in an overall collector thermal efficiency of about 70% in comparison with only 57% for non-vacuumed double layer PC cover.

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The authors appreciate the support from the Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Kirkuk, for providing access to laboratories and facilities that made this work possible. This research did not receive financial support from any funding agencies such as a public, commercial, or private sector.

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