This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Volume 20 article 1035 pages: 1307-1316
Natural fibres would play a significant part in the production of composite materials since these fibres are entirely renewable, environmentally friendly, have a high specific strength, inexpensive, and biodegradable. The objective of this research is to investigate the potential of fish scale powder and chicken feather as reinforcing agents in polyester composites, as well as the composites' creep behaviour. Hand lay-up procedures were used to prepare weight fractions (0.2, 0.5, 0.8, and 1.1%) of chicken feather along with 5% fish scale powder. It is observed that the composite with 0.8% chicken feather and 5% fish scale powder showed encouraging results as it enhanced the creep strain by 74.29% and diminished the stress by 40.71% compared with neat polyester. The experimental, theoretical, and numerical results were compared. Good accuracy has been observed, with a relative error of no more than 3.2%. These findings indicate that natural fibres have enhanced creep properties and might be a feasible alternative to industrial applications.
1. A.V. Kiruthika. (2017), A review on physico-mechanical properties of bast fibre reinforced polymer composites. Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 9, Pages 91-99, DOI 10.1016/j.jobe.2016.12.003.
2. Mohamad Alhijazi, Qasim Zeeshan, Zhaoye Qin, Babak Safaei, and Mohammed Asmael. (2020), Finite element analysis of natural fibers composites: A review, Nanotechnology Reviews, Vol. 9, Pages 853-875. DOI:10.1515/ntrev-2020-0069.
3. Chiarathanakrit, C., S.-A. Riyajan, and K. Kaewtatip. (2018), Transforming fish scale waste into an efficient filler for starch foam. Carbohydrate polymers, Vol. 188: p. 48-53. DOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-982850/v1.
4. Aiza Jaafar, C., I. Zainon, and M. Mohd Amin (2017). Fish scales hydroxyapatite as potential fillers in HDPE composites for bone replacement applications. in Solid State Phenomena. Vol. 264, Pages 79-82. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.264.79.
5. Antaryami Mishra. (2017), Investigations of mechanical characteristics of chicken feather-teak wood dust filled epoxy composites. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Vol. 13, Issue 4, Pages 01-09.
6. Anup Kumar, Gagan Bansa, Vinay Kumar Singh. (2019), Characterization of Mechanical Strength of Epoxy Hybrid Composite Reinforced with Chicken Feather Fiber and Residue Powder Extracted from Rohu Fish Scale. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), Vol. 8 Issue 04, Pages 498-504. DOI : 10.17577/IJERTV8IS040382.
7. Ayyappa Atmakuri, Arvydas Palevicius, Andrius Vilkauskas and Giedrius Janusas. (2022), Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Mechanical Properties of Natural-Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Polymer Composites and the Effect on Matrix Material. Polymers, Vol. 14, Pages 2612. DOI:10.3390/polym14132612.
8. Abed, B., K. Jadee, and A. Battawi. (2020), Experimental and numerical study on the effect of creep behavior on epoxy composites reinforced with yttrium oxide powder. International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 25, Pages 203-213. DOI:10.2478/ijame-2020-0059
9. Abed, B.H. and A.A. Battawi. (2021), Effect of fish scales on fabrication of polyester composite material reinforcements. Open Engineering, Vol. 11, pages 915-921. DOI:10.1515/eng-2021-0092
10. Madhu Bharadwaj, Santiago Claramunt, and Sowmianarayanan Srinivasan. (2017), Modeling Creep Relaxation of Polytetrafluorethylene Gaskets for Finite Element Analysis, International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing, Vol. 5, No. 2, Pages 123-126. DOI:10.18178/ijmmm.2017.5.2.302.
11. Silas Z. Gebrehiwot and Leonardo Espinosa-Leal. (2021), Characterizing the linear viscoelastic behavior of an injection moulding grade polypropylene polymer. Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, DOI:10.1007/s11043-021-09513-0.
12. Ngudiyono Ngudiyono, Bambang Suhendro, Ali Awaludin, Andreas Triwiyono. (2019), Review of creep modelling for predicting of long-term behavior of glued-laminated amboo structures. MATEC Web of Conferences, Vol. 258, pages 01023. DOI:10.1051/matecconf/201925801023.