Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science

FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF METHODS FOR DETERMINing ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-27202 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Rashid Sharipov
Kazakh-German University, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Olga Kudrevich
Center for Technical Regulation and Standardization, Scientifi c and Production Republican Unitary Enterprise "Stroytehnorm", Minsk, Belarus

Syrymgali Yerzhanov
JSC Kazakh Research and Design Institute of Construction and Architecture, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Madina Shavdinova*
Kazakh-German University, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Dinara Tyulyubayeva
Kazakh-German University, Department of Science and Innovation, Almaty, Kazakhstan

One of the most important strategic objectives is to create a sustainable model for the development of the Kazakhstan economy, which is closely linked to the solution of energy saving and energy efficiency in the construction industry. The main principles of the energy efficiency strategy include integrated approach (efficient use of energy at all stages of the facility's life cycle for all types of energy resources, with legal support and organizational and technical control by the state) and systematic approach (the study of the process using general rather than partial approach). The article analyzes key problems and barriers that prevent the successful implementation of energy saving and energy efficiency policies. A significant role in the rational use of energy resources belongs to the regulatory framework. It was revealed that currently existing regulatory and technical documents in the country, unlike similar documents in EU countries, have a number of inaccuracies and disadvantages that do not allow for a full accounting of energy consumption. At present, there is practically no effective methodology for determining the energy efficiency of residential buildings and structures in Kazakhstan. In this regard, a methodology for determining the energy efficiency of buildings and structures, harmonized with EU requirements (taking into account energy consumption for heating, ventilation, high-temperature water supply, cooling and lighting) is currently being developed. The energy efficiency improvement of new, renovated and operated buildings will make it possible to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, thus contributing to solving both global environmental problems and energy and environmental security in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

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