This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions.
Volume 14 article 395 pages: 401-408
The aim of this study
is to determine the impact of wood chip fuel moisture content on the overall efficiency
of the power-producing unit of a mobile chipper consisting of a gasifier, the
Stirling engine and a container-dryer. Research of utilization efficiency of
heat emissions of the Stirling engine in a container-dryer has been conducted.
The container-dryer design for wood chip drying due to thermal emissions of the
Stirling engine has been developed. A mathematical model of the autonomous power-producing
unit of mobile chipper functioning with wood chip fuel was developed. In
addition, the physical experiment was conducted to determine the actual moisture
content of wood chips after drying due to thermal emissions of the Stirling
engine. According to the results of the experiments we obtained regression
equations of the efficiency of power-producing unit dependence on the initial moisture
content of biofuels for two cases - with drying in the container-dryer and
without drying. Drying of fire wood chips due to utilization of thermal
emissions of the Stirling engine in a containerdrier of a proposed design
improves the efficiency of the power-producing unit. The reduction of the fuel
wood relative moisture content from 47.5% to 37.5% increases the efficiency by
7.34%, while moisture reduction from 37.5% to 27.5% results in higher
efficiency of only 4.37%, a further reduction in moisture from 27.5% to 17.5%
results in higher efficiency of only 2.47%. Thus, the greatest positive effect
of drying fire wood chips due to heat recovery of the Stirling engine emissions
is observed when using fuel wood with high initial moisture content of more
This work was financially supported by the
Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises in Science and
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