The basic principles of formation and reconstruction of school buildings in the conditions of the modern information society
The article describes the process of transforming the industrial model of the school into a modern one. The conclusion is made about the influence of the development of the educational process on the formation of architecture and space-planning solutions of buildings. The increase in the nomenclature of classrooms is directly related to the complexity of the school structure and its functional component. Also, modern trends in the design of school buildings are described. The space of schools is considered as a multifaceted structure, combining both places for study and recreation. The problem of expanding and deepening the information space is analyzed, and ways of its solution are suggested. The main principles of designing public school zones, their division into different-scale volumes are described in detail. Conclusions are made about the requirements for modern school buildings to ensure their compliance with the aesthetic needs of the student’s personality. The main problems that are present in the modern school fund are listed and possible options for its reconstruction are analyzed. Also, the principles of reconstruction in accordance with the types of planning organization are developed. Examples of solutions to some of these problems are given, and the issue of creating comfortable conditions for people with disabilities is singled out separately. The conclusion is made about the effectiveness of applying these principles to ensure the modern learning process.
Author thanks the Rector of the Southwest State University, Doctor of Technical Sciences Yemelyanov S.G.
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