TECHNOLOGICAL MODERNIZATION OF FOREST ROADS CONSTRUCTION IN RUSSIA
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Volume 16 article 536 pages: 328 - 332
The paper considers the basic
problems of construction of wood roads in Russia. Lack of sufﬁcient quantity of
roads functioning year round leads to annual isolation of almost 15 million
inhabitants of forest settlements in autumn and in spring, absence of rhythm in
timber-hauling process, increase in forest products cost. Two organizational
methods of forest roads construction, namely, ﬂow-line conveyor and non-ﬂow-line
conveyor ones are compared. According to the advanced ﬂow-line conveyor method
a complex stream is organized uniting specialized streams equipped with road
machines and mechanisms for performing separate works. When the amount of work
is small it is recommended to apply a non-ﬂow-line conveyor method, either
cyclic or inby.
The experience of constructing a road in a forest, which
does not provide any headworks and is carried out by a dredge only, is
considered. It allows to lower expenses for construction works.
Owing to the absence of stone road-building materials in the majority of forest
regions of Russia a new design of a two-layer road covering from reinforced
concrete slabs and the technology of its construction have been developed.
The comparison of the suggested technology of forest roads construction with
existing domestic technologies and the Finnish one has shown its efﬁciency both
in terms of money, and from the viewpoint of reduction of the number of
necessary machines and equipment.
The technology suggested has passed industrial approbation on running logging
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