iipp publishingJournal of Applied Engineering Science

TECHNOLOGICAL MODERNIZATION OF FOREST ROADS CONSTRUCTION IN RUSSIA


DOI: 10.5937/jaes16-17071
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions. 
Creative Commons License

Volume 16 article 536 pages: 328 - 332

Mikhail Smirnov
Volga State University of Technology (VSUT), Russia

Yuri Andrianov
Volga State University of Technology (VSUT), Russia

Victor Chernyakevich
Volga State University of Technology (VSUT), Russia

The paper considers the basic problems of construction of wood roads in Russia. Lack of sufficient quantity of roads functioning year round leads to annual isolation of almost 15 million inhabitants of forest settlements in autumn and in spring, absence of rhythm in timber-hauling process, increase in forest products cost. Two organizational methods of forest roads construction, namely, flow-line conveyor and non-flow-line conveyor ones are compared. According to the advanced flow-line conveyor method a complex stream is organized uniting specialized streams equipped with road machines and mechanisms for performing separate works. When the amount of work is small it is recommended to apply a non-flow-line conveyor method, either cyclic or inby.
The experience of constructing a road in a forest, which does not provide any headworks and is carried out by a dredge only, is considered. It allows to lower expenses for construction works.
Owing to the absence of stone road-building materials in the majority of forest regions of Russia a new design of a two-layer road covering from reinforced concrete slabs and the technology of its construction have been developed.
The comparison of the suggested technology of forest roads construction with existing domestic technologies and the Finnish one has shown its efficiency both in terms of money, and from the viewpoint of reduction of the number of necessary machines and equipment.
The technology suggested has passed industrial approbation on running logging enterprises.
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