ENGINEERS AS AN OBJECT AND SUBJECT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AT THE MESOECONOMIC LEVEL
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Volume 17 article 603 pages: 251 - 255
The authors studied at the mesoeconomic level the priorities and problems in developing innovative entrepreneurship
and increasing the role of engineers. Having in mind a variety of interpretations offered both by foreign and Russian
scholars, the authors proposed a concept of “entrepreneurship” which is defined as a type of economic activity based
on independent initiative, responsibility, and innovative entrepreneurial idea. The article describes an institutional environment
for innovative entrepreneurship. Monitoring the number of small and medium enterprises, the average number
of employees, wages and the volume of investments allowed to determine the dynamics of their economic status over
the past six years. The authors emphasized the importance of attracting engineers to business, by creating small enterprises,
technology parks, business incubators and other innovative institutions in collaboration with higher educational
institutions. This has become essential in response to sanctions and in the context of import substitution.
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