iipp publishingJournal of Applied Engineering Science

MODIFICATION OF BAYAH BANTEN NATURAL ZEOLITE AS HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION


DOI 10.5937/jaes17-20399
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions. 
Creative Commons License

Volume 17 article 626 pages: 431 - 438

Rudi Hartono
Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia 
Anondho Wijanarko
Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia 
Heri Hermansyah*
Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia 


The purpose of this study was to produce a biodiesel through the reaction of waste cooking oil with methanol by using a modified Bayah Banten zeolite as catalyst. This catalyst was produced from its natural from by using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as a reactant in 100 ml of distilled water. The reaction to produce a biodiesel was performed at various temperature and time to get the optimum condition. The advantages of this catalyst were eco-friendly, easily separated after the reaction process, and can be reused as a catalyst. The molar ratio of waste cooking oil and methanol for transesterification process was 1:7. The yield of biodiesel at various optimum temperatures and times is 94% (50 gram of KOH/100ml), 87,8% (75 gram of KOH/100ml), and 86% (100 gram of KOH/100 ml). Biodiesel results were analyzed by GC Ester content and modified catalysts were characterized using XRD, FTIR, and SEM-EDX.

View article

The author would like to thank for research support provided by Universitas Indonesia and Ministry of Research, Technology ang Higher Education Republic of Indonesia through Doctoral Dissertation Research Grant 2019.

  1. Đặng, T.H.; Chen, B.H.; and Lee, D.J. (2017). Optimization of biodiesel production from transesterification of triolein using zeolite LTA catalysts synthesized from kaolin clay. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 79,14-22.
  2. Al-Jammal, N.;  Al-Hamamre, Z.; and Alnaief, M. (2016). Manufacturing of zeolite based catalyst from zeolite tuft for biodiesel production from waste sunflower oil. Renewable Energy, 93,449-59.
  3. Saba, T.; Estephane, J.; El Khoury, B.; El Khoury, M.; Khazma, M.; and El Zakhem, H. (2016). Biodiesel production from refined sunflower vegetable oil over KOH/ZSM5 catalysts. Renewable Energy, 90,301-6.
  4. Kattimani, V.; Venkatesha, B.;  and Ananda, S.  (2014). Biodiesel Production from Unrefined Rice Bran Oil through Three-Stage Transesterification. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 4(03), 361.
  5. Zhang, Y.; Wong, W.T.; and  Yung, K.F. (2013). One-step production of biodiesel from rice bran oil catalyzed by chlorosulfonic acid modified zirconia< i> via simultaneous esterification and transesterification. Bioresource technology, 147, 59-64.
  6. Fereidooni, L.; Mehrpooya, M. (2017). Experimental assessment of electrolysis method in production of biodiesel from waste cooking oil using zeolite/chitosan catalyst with a focus on waste biorefinery. Energy Conversion and Management, 147, 145-54
  7. Manadee, S.; Sophiphun, O.; Osakoo, N.; Supamathanon, N.; Kidkhunthod, P.; and Chanlek, N. (2017). Identification of potassium phase in catalysts supported on zeolite NaX and performance in transesterification of Jatropha seed oil. Fuel Processing Technology, 156,62-7.
  8. Chen, Y.C.; Lin, D.Y.; and Chen, B.H. (2017). Transesterifica tion of acid soybean oil for biodiesel production using lithium metasilicate catalyst prepared from diatomite. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 79, 31-6.
  9. Volli, V.;  and Purkait,  M.K.. (2015). Selective preparation of zeolite X and A from flyash and its use as catalyst for biodiesel production. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 297,101-11.
  10. Ma, Y., Wang, Q.; Sun, X.; Wu, C.; and Gao, Z. (2017). Kinetics studies of biodiesel production from waste cooking oil using FeCl3-modified resin as heterogeneous catalyst. Renewable Energy, 107,522-30
  11. Kusuma, R.I.; Hadinoto, J.P.; Ayucitra, A.;  Soetaredjo, and F.E.; Ismadji. S. (2013). Natural zeolite from Pacitan Indonesia, as catalyst support for transesterification of palm oil. Applied Clay Science, 74(0),121-6.
  12. Evangelista, J.P.; Chellappa, T.; Coriolano, A.C.; Fernandes, Jr. VJ.; Souza, L.D.; and Araujo, A.S. (2012).Synthesis of alumina impregnated with potassium iodide catalyst for biodiesel production from rice bran oil. Fuel Processing Technology, 104,90-5.
  13. Olutoye, M.A.; and Hameed. B.H. (2013). Production of biodiesel fuel by transesterification of different vegetable oils with methanol using Al2O3 modified MgZnO catalyst. Bioresource Technology, 132(0),103-8.
  14. Xie, W.; and Huang X, Li. H. (2007).Soybean oil methyl esters preparation using NaX zeolites loaded with KOH as a heterogeneous catalyst. Bioresource Technology, 98(4),936-9.
  15. Chung, K.H.; Chang, D.R.; and Park, B.G. (2008). Removal of free fatty acid in waste frying oil by esterification with methanol on zeolite catalysts. Bioresource Technology, 99(16),7438-43.
  16. Hartono, R.; Wijanarko, A. And Hermansyah, H. (2018). Synthesis of biodiesel using local natural zeolite as heterogeneous anion exchange catalyst. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 345(1),012002.
  17. Noiroj, K.; Intarapong, P.; Luengnaruemitchai, A.; and Jai-In, S. (2009). A comparative study of KOH/Al2O3 and KOH/NaY catalysts for biodiesel production via transesterification from palm oil. Renewable Energy, 34(4),1145-50.
  18. Li, J.; Fu, Y.J.; Qu, X.J.; Wang, W.; Luo, M.; and  Zhao, C.J.  (2012). Biodiesel production from yellow horn (Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge.) seed oil using ion exchange resin as heterogeneous catalyst. Bioresource Technology, 108(0),112-8.
  19. Darnoko, D.; and Cheryan, M. (2000). Kinetics of palm oil transesterification in a batch reactor. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 7(12),1263-7.
  20. Freedman, B.; Pryde, E.; and Mounts, T. (1984). Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 61(10),1638-43.