iipp publishingJournal of Applied Engineering Science

MODELing OF THE NEED FOR PARKing SPACE IN THE DISTRICTS OF MOSCOW METROPOLIS BY USing MULTIVARIATE METHODS


DOI: 10.5937/jaes18-23911
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Volume 18 article 656 pages: 26 - 39

Roman Sidorchuk*
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russian Federation

Sergey Vladimirovich Mkhitaryan
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russian Federation

Irina Ivanovna Skorobogatykh
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russian Federation

Anastasia Alekseevna Stukalova
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russian Federation

Anastasia Vladimirovna Lukina
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russian Federation

The growth of metropolis cities and consequently the number of vehicles cruising within their boundaries create a permanent problem of dissatisfaction with the amount of parking space and its over-occupancy. The results of continuous observation of parking lots in Moscow and data on registered cars in the city districts was the initial basis for this study. The data was processed by IBM SPSS Statistics 20 statistical program to obtain descriptive statistics indicators of parking space in Moscow, the analysis of cause-and-effect relations and subsequent multivariate modeling using regression analysis; log it regression; discriminant analysis; “classification trees” (decision tree). The results clearly show the possibility of applying the methods of multivariate statistics, log it regression and “classification trees”. Both models allow for using the explanatory variables “proportion of parking lots with violations” and “number of parking spaces in the street and road network” to analyze the impact on parking lot occupancy. Also, the descriptive statistics analysis revealed that when the number and proportion of parking lots with violations are 2 times higher on average in the districts with over-occupied parking lots versus the districts where the parking lot occupancy is not so high, and the number of paid parking lots is over 10 times less. The increase in the proportion of parking spaces with violations ranging from 0 to 0.2% entails a sharp increase in parking space occupancy (up to 90%), while a further increase in the proportion of parking spaces with violations does not entail a significant increase in the parking occupancy.

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The authors express their gratitude to the Department for Transport and Road Infrastructure Development of the Moscow City Government for the grant and the data provided for the study, as well as the faculty members and students of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics who participated in this study.

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