DIFFERENCES ON ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF THE HAND BASED ON LATERALITY IN SERBIAN CONTEXT
Anthropometric data are essential for designers of products, while hand anthropometric measurements are of special
importance due to the fact that grasp enables different manipulation tasks. Literature review shows that differences
on anthropometric characteristics of the hand based on laterality in Serbian context have not been examined till now,
so this study tested it on the sample containing 110 subjects - 23 left-handed and 87 right-handed. Hand anthropometric measurements include 30 anthropometric dimensions measured on each examined participant. Dimensions
are taken by capturing the imprints of the subjects’ outstretched hands. Collected data were subjected to descriptive
statistics, t-test, Kolmogorov test and Mann-Withney U* tests. Also, 5th and 95th percentiles are calculated on all dimensions. Results show that there are no statistically significant differences based on laterality in Serbian context.
Accordingly, hand tools and many other equipment, which are controlled by means of Serbian operator could be
designed in the same manner both for workers whose dominant had is left and right. Also, percentiles values are
calculated and should be taken into account in design processes. It is recommended, in future research to enlarge
sample, repeat statistical testing and analyze hand grasp possible issues.
The paper is supported by grants from the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, grants
from project E!13300 (Hoisting and Mining Machinery Context Specific Adaptive Risk Prevention Expert System) and
contract 451-03-68/2020-14/200105 (subproject TR 35017
on the topic: "Integrated research in the fields of macro,
micro and nano mechanical engineering"). The authors
also thank participants for their cooperation.
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