Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-23695 
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Creative Commons License

Volume 18 article 736 pages: 618 - 623

Selfina Gala
Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Surabaya, Indonesia

Sumarno Sumarno
Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Surabaya, Indonesia

Mahfud Mahfud*
Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Surabaya, Indonesia

Natural dyes from mahogany are usually obtained by conventional extraction. This extraction process requires a large solvent, a long duration of the process so that the energy requirements are also higher. Therefore, the use of "green techniques" to extract natural dyes with a minimum of energy and solvent should be considered. One extraction method that has been developed is the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) method. In this work, the effects of microwave power, material to solvent ratio, and the heating time on the extraction results and the pigment components of the extract were examined. A comparison of the time required for reflux extraction and Soxhlet was also made. In microwave extraction, the highest yield was obtained at optimum extraction conditions such as microwave power of 600 W, the ratio of material to solvent of 0.02 g/mL, extraction time of 30 min. While for reflux and Soxhlet extraction, the extraction time needed to obtain optimum yield was 120 min and 720 min, respectively. Identification of compound components by the phytochemical test. Descriptions of the effects of microwave and conventional extraction are shown by damage to the surface structure of solid materials using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).

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