This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Volume 18 article 741 pages: 649 - 664
Considered current issues of automatic monitoring of high-rise buildings. A review of currently implemented monitoring methods is given. An analytical study of the effect of the ratio of the rigidity of the vertical and horizontal
structural elements of buildings of various structural systems on the deformation of the vertical axis of the building
was performed. The basis of the research is the solution of the differential equation of the elastic vertical axis of the
building. By finding the extrema of the deformation function of the vertical axis, critical points of control of its angles
of rotation are determined. As a result of the study, it was concluded that it is advisable to minimize the number of
control points, with limited control at certain critical points. The position of the control points dividing the vertical axis
of the building through ¼ of its length at the corners of the perimeter of the floors has been determined. It is shown
that minimization is necessary due to difficulties in processing and analyzing big data (Big Data). As a result of the
traditional manual calculation with the accepted design methods, it was found that the box-barrel structural system
has the greatest deformations, the frame-link frame with the stiffness core has the smallest deformations, and outriggers do not always allow to radically increase the building stiffness. Studies were conducted on computer models of
the same types of buildings, which confirmed this dependence. However, here the maximum rigidity was shown by
the cross-wall model. This testifies to the features of modeling buildings in various ways and confirms once again the
need to monitor not only high-rise buildings, but all non-standard ones. It is concluded that it is necessary to accumulate data on the deformations of buildings using automatic monitoring methods. It is shown that information on the
technical condition of the building is complemented by information on the longitudinal deformations of vertical structures - columns, stiffness cores, measured by tensiometers on concrete, as well as dynamic stiffness, determined by
the natural oscillation frequency of accelerometers. The principle of sensor grouping and the need to use integrated,
integrated monitoring are shown.
1. Park, H.S., Shin, Y., Choi, S.W., Kim, Y. (2013). An Integrative Structural Health Monitoring System for the Local. Global Responses of a Large-Scale Irregular Building under Construction. Sensors,no. 13, 9085-9103, DOI:10.3390/s130709085.
2. Olenkov, V.D., Popov D.S. (2012). Automation of diagnostics of the technical condition of buildings and structures during their operation. Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series: Building and Architecture, no. 17(276), 82-85.
3. Iturralde, K., Linner, T., Bock, T. (2020). Matching kit interface for building refurbishment processes with 2D modules. Automation in Construction, vol. 110, 103003, DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2019.103003.
4. Pan, M., Linner, T., Pan, W., Cheng, H.-M., Bock, T. (2020). Influencing factors of the future utilisation of construction robots for buildings: A Hong Kong perspective. Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 30, 101220, DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101220.
5. Hua, J., Liub, X. (2011). Design and implementation of tailings dam security monitoring system. Procedia Engineering, no. 26, 1914 – 1921, DOI:10.1016/j. preng.2011.11.2384.
6. Li, J., Hao, H. A. (2016). review of recent research advances on structural health monitoring in Western Australia. Structural Monitoring and Maintenance, no. 3(1), 33-49, DOI: 10.12989/smm.2016.3.1.033.
7. Xiong, H.-B., Cao, J.-X., Zhang, F.-L. (2018). Inclinometer-based method to monitor displacement of high-rise buildings. Structural Monitoring and Maintenance, no. 5(1), 111-127, DOI:10.12989/ smm.2018.5.1.111.
8. Erol, B. Evaluation of High-Precision Sensors in Structural Monitoring. Sensors, no 10(12), 10803- 10827, DOI:10.3390/s101210803.
9. Yigit, C.O., Li, XJ., Inal, C., Ge, L., Yetkin, M. (2010). Preliminary evaluation of precise inclination sensor and GPS for monitoring full-scale dynamic response of a tall reinforced concrete building. Journal of Applied Geodesy, no. 4(2), 103–113, DOI:10.1515/jag.2010.010.
10. Yigit, C.O., Inal, C., Yetkin, M. (2008). Monitoring of tall building's dynamic behaviour using precision inclination sensors. Proceedings of 13th FIG Symposium on Deformation Measurements and Analysis, 4th IAG Symposium on Geodesy for Geotechnical and Structural Engineering. Lisbon, 194 p.
11. Lee, J.-J., Ho, H.-N., Lee, J.-H. (2012). A Vision-Based Dynamic Rotational Angle Measurement System for Large Civil Structures. Sensors, no. 12(6), 7326-7336, DOI: 10.3390/s120607326.
12. Sushchev, S.P., Samarin, V.V., Adamenko, I.A., Sotin, V.N.(2019). Monitoring the technical condition of supporting structures of high-rise buildings, fromhttp://www.pamag.ru/pressa/monitor-tech, date of application16.04.2019.
13. Gurev, V.V., Dorofeev, V.M. (2005). Monitoring the stress-strain state of the supporting structures of high-rise buildings. Stroybezopasnost-2005. Moscow: TSNSTMO. 2005. p.18-21. (rus)
14. Zhang, X. Different Monitoring Methods for Building Deformation of Practical Explorationбfromhttps://iopscience. iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/910/1/012029/pdf, date of application16.04.2019, DOI:10.1088/1742- 6596/910/1/012029.
15. Linner, T., Pan, W., Hu, R., Zhao, C., Iturralde, K., Taghavi, M., Trummer, J., Schlandt, M., Bock, T. (2020), A technology management system for the development of single-task construction robots, Construction Innovation, vol. 20 no. 1, 96-111, DOI: 10.1108/CI-06-2019-0053.
16. Ferravante, V., Riva, E., Taghavi, M., Braghin, F., Bock, T. (2019). Dynamic analysis of high precision construction cable-driven parallel robots. Mechanism and Machine Theory, vol. 135, 54-64, DOI:10.1016/J.MECHMACHTHEORY.2019.01.023.
17. Mustafin, M. G., Valkov, V. A., Kazantsev, A. I. (2017). Monitoring of deformation processes in buildings and structures in metropolises. Procedia Engineering, no. 189, 729-736, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.05.115.
18. Osadchy, G.V., Belyi, A.A., Efanov, D.V., Shestovitskiy, D.A. (2018). Monitoring the technical condition of the sliding roof of the stadium "St. Petersburg Arena". Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, no. 69(6), 10-24.
19. Vakolyuk A., Glebov N., Otto J., Bulgakov A.G. (2018). Mathematical identification of the mechatronic complex for the construction of mini tunnels in urban conditions. Journal of Applied Engineering Science, vol. 16, no. 1, 111-115, DOI: 10.5937/ jaes16-16499.
20. Bulgakov, G. A., & Tokmakov E. G. . ERP - systems, logistics and mechatronics systems for ensuring the smooth construction process. Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 16(1), 1-4.
21. Bulgakov G. A., Vakolyuk A., Glebov, N., & Bienkowski, N. . A laser system for the control of the complex for the construction of mini. Journal of Applied Engineering Science., 15(4), 467-470.
22. Aly A.M. (2013). Pressure integration technique for predicting wind-induced response in high-rise buildings. Alexandria Engineering Journal, no. 52, 717– 731, DOI: 10.1016/j.aej.2013.08.006.
23. Semenov, A.A., Porivaev, I.A., Kuznetcov, D.V., Nguen, T.H., Saitgalina, A.S., Tregubova, E.S. (2017).Stress-strain state of high-rise building under wind load and progressive collapse. Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, no. 8(59), 7-26.
24. Mikhailova, M.K., Dalinchuk, V.S., Bushmanova, A.V., Dobrogorskaya, L.V. (2016). Designing, construction and operation of high-rise buildings taking into account aerodynamic aspects. Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, no. 10(49), 59-74.
25. Galyamichev, A.V. (2017).Wind load and its effect on facade structures. Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, no. 9 (60),44-57, DOI: 10.18720/ CUBS.60.4.
26. Plotnikov, A.N., Ivanov, M.Yu., Porfiryeva E.N. (2018). Informativeness of monitoring systems for high-rise buildings from the principle of minimizing the number of sensors. New in architecture, building design and reconstruction: materials of the IV International (X All-Russian) conference NACCR-2018. Cheboksary: Izdvo Chuvash. University. 2018. P. 267 - 277.
27. Ivanov, M.Yu., Porfiryeva, E.N., Plotnikov, A.N. (2018). Necessary zones of control of parameters of high-rise buildings, determined from the nature of the curvature of the elastic line of vertical elements. Collection of scientific works of young scientists and specialists. Cheboksary,Izdvo Chuvash. University, P. 28-32.
28. Cheilakou, E., Tsopelas, N., Anastasopoulos, A., Kourousis, D., Rychkov, D., Gerhard, R., Frankenstein, B., Amditis, A., Damigos, Y. Bouklas, C. (2018). Strain monitoring system for steel and concrete structures. Procedia Structural Integrity, no. 10, 25–32, DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2018.09.005.
29. Park, S.W., Oh, B.K., Park, H.S. (2015). Maximum Stress Estimation Model for Multi-Span WalerBeams with Deflections at the Supports Using Average Strains. Sensors, no. 15, 7728-7741, DOI: 10.3390/ s150407728.
30. Ayzenkrayn E. (2015). Continuous monitoring of the movement of meridional cracks that occur in the shells of cooling towers under the influence of external factors. Construction of unique buildings and structures Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, no. 5(32), 84-94.
31. Park, H.S., Son, S., Choi, S.W., Kim, Y. (2013). Wireless Laser Range Finder System for Vertical Displacement Monitoring of Mega-Trusses during Construction. Sensors, no. 13, 5796-5813, DOI:10.3390/ s130505796.
32. Park, H.S., Lee, H.Y., Choi, S.W., Kim, Y. (2013). A Practical Monitoring System for the Structural Safety of Mega-Trusses Using Wireless Vibrating Wire Strain Gauges. Sensors, no. 13, 17346-17361, DOI: 10.3390/s131217346.
33. Castagnetti, C., Bassoli, E., Vincenzi, L., Mancini, F. (2019). Dynamic Assessment of Masonry Towers Based on Terrestrial Radar Interferometer and Accelerometers. Sensors, no. 19, 1280-1319.
34. Tang, Y., Wu, Z. (2016). Distributed Long-Gauge Optical Fiber Sensors Based Self-Sensing FRP Bar for Concrete Structure. Sensors, no. 16, 268-286, DOI:10.3390/s19061319.
35. Ozbey, B., Erturk, V.B., Demir, H.V., Altintas, A., Kurc, O. (2016). A Wireless Passive Sensing System for Displacement. Strain Measurement in Reinforced Concrete Members. Sensors, no. 16, 479-496, DOI: 10.3390/s16040496.
36. Wang, G., Wang, W., Aafshar, K.B., Dojcinovski, D. (2009).Seismic instrumentation of high-rise buildings. Progress in Natural Science, no. 19, 223–227, DOI: 10.1016/j.pnsc.2008.06.011.
37. Almazov, V.O., Klimov, A.N. (2013).Comparison of data from the monitoring system of high-rise buildings with the calculation in the program complex. Modern problems of calculating and designing iron concrete structures of multi-storey buildings: a collection of reports of the International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 100-th anniversary of the birth of P.F Drozdov. Moscow, MGSU, P. 38-44.
38. Tamrazyan, A.G., Mehralizadeh, B.A. (2013). Frequency of free oscillations of multi-storey buildings when calculating the progressive collapse in a nonlinear dynamic formulation, taking into account the time of localized damage. Modern problems of calculating and designing iron concrete structures of multi-storey buildings: a collection of reports of the International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 100-th anniversary of the birth of P.F Drozdov. Moscow, MGSU, P. 235-245.
39. Sanchez Crespo, R., Kaczmarczyk, S., Picton, P., Su, H. (2018). Modelling and simulation of a stationary high-rise elevator system to predict the dynamic interactions between its components. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, no. 137, 24–45.
40. Kashima, T. (2017). Study on changes in dynamic characteristics of high-rise steelframed buildings based on strong motion data. Procedia Engineering, no. 199, 194–199.
41. Drozdov, P.F. (1977). Design and calculation of load-bearing systems of high-rise buildings and their elements. Moscow, Stroiizdat, 223 p.
42. Drozdov, P.F., Dodonov, M.I. (1986). etc. Design and calculation of multi-storey civil buildings and their elements. Moscow,Stroiizdat, 351 p.
43. Snezhkov, D.Yu. (2016). Monitoring of constructed and operated reinforced concrete structures by non-destructive methods. Minsk, BNTU, 331 p.
44. Nikolaeva, A.G., Yakovleva, O.S. (2016) Analysis of the impact of the loading sequence on the stresstrain state of the elements of high-rise building frames. Managing the assortment, quality and competitiveness in the global economy: Collection of articles of the VIII International Correspondence Scientific and Practical Conference (March 30, 2017). Cheboksary, CHKI RUC, P. 131-134.
45. Ivanova, N.V., Nikolaeva, A.G. (2017). Influence of the percentage of reinforcement on the stress-strain state of the elements frames of multi-storey buildings when calculating with regard to the construction. Modern Issues of Continuum Mechanics 2017: Collection of articles on conference materials (round table) with international participation. Cheboksary, Izdvo Chuvash. University, P. 38-42.
46. Plotnikov, A.N. (2016). Bearing capacity of reinforced concrete coffered floors, taking into account the plastic deformations of the ribs. Current problems of the calculation of reinforced concrete structures, buildings and structures for emergency effects. Collection of the International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 85th anniversary of the Department of Concrete and Stone Constructions and the 100th anniversary of the birth of N.N. Popov. Moscow, Izdvo: National Moscow State University of Civil Engineering), P. 348 - 353.
47. Porfiryeva, E.N., Ivanov, M.Yu., Plotnikov, A.N. (2018). Methods of limiting equilibrium and principal stresses for supported along the contour of floors from structural ceramsite concrete floors. Construction - formation of living environment: XXI International Scientific Conference. Collection of materials from the seminar “Youth Innovations” (Moscow, April 25–27, 2018). Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, National Research Moscow State University of Construction — Moscow,Izd-vo MISI – MGSU, P. 276-282.
48. Ivanov, M.Yu., Porfiryeva, E.N., Plotnikov, A.N. (2017). Marginal equilibrium and main stress methods for floor-supported slabs. Engineering personnel - the future of the innovation economy of Russia: Proceedings of the III All-Russian Student Conference (Yoshkar-Ola, November 21-24, 2017): in 8 parts. Part 5. Innovations in construction, environmental management and technosphere safety. Yoshkar-Ola, Volga State University of Technology, P. 36 - 37. 664
49. Belostotsky, A.M., Akimov, P.A., Negrozov, O.A., Petryashev, N.O., Petryashev, S.O., Sherbina, S.V., Kalichava, D.K., Kaytukov, T.B. (2018). Adaptive finite-element models in structural health monitoring systems. Magazine of Civil Engineering, no. 2(78), 169–178.
50. Hong, K, Lee J, Choi, SW, Kim, Y, Park, H.S. A strain-based load identification model for beams in building structures. Sensors, no. 13, 9909-9920, DOI: 10.3390/s130809909.
51. Bulgakov, A., Shaykhutdinov, D., Gorbatenko, N., Akhmedov, S. (2015). Application of Full-scale Experiments for Structural Study of High-rise Buildings. Procedia Engineering, no. 123, 94 – 100, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.063.
52. Grishina, O.S., Savchenko, A.V., Marichev, A.P., Zalata, E.S., Petrochenko, M.V. (2017). Monitoring of the construction site using an information model. Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, no. 12(63), 7-19, DOI: 10.18720/CUBS.62.1.