Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-27534 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 19 article 772 pages: 125 -136

Nazam Ali*
University of Management and Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Lahore, Pakistan

Muhammad Ashraf Javid
University of Nizwa, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nizwa, Oman

Syed Arif Hussain
University of Engineering and Technology, Department of City and Regional Planning, Punjab, Pakistan

Abdur Rahim
University of Engineering and Technology, Department of Transportation Engineering & Management, Lahore, Pakistan

Congestion on roads results in infrastructural deficiencies including massive delays, greater fatalities, and enhanced mental stresses, reduced transit efficiency, and increased travel costs. Traffic is a major problem specifically in the central area of the Lahore city. This study is aimed at understanding the traffic congestion from the stakeholders’ perspective and suggesting congestion mitigation measures. A sample of 365 respondents was included through the administration of the questionnaire survey to record the explanatory variables. For this purpose, random cluster sampling method was employed to select respondents (135 pedestrians, 107 shopkeepers, 116 motorists). In-depth interviews were conducted with 7 individuals from Traffic Engineering and Planning Agency (TEPA) and Department of Transportation Engineering and Management (DTEM), about their perceptions of traffic management in the Lahore city. The results are described in the form of statistics of the data, qualitatively and quantitatively. The study has shown that the illegal parking on roadside, bad attitude of motorists and shop keepers, encroachments and running business on streets are the primary reasons for traffic congestion. These traffic congestions are hindering the efficient movements of the fl ow entities and causing mental stresses in the local residents. The findings of this study endorse that strict enforcement of traffic laws, provision of adequate parking spaces, provision of overhead pedestrian bridges, and education of traffic rules among masses could help to manage the traffic congestion in the central area of Lahore city.

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The authors are very much thankful to the Transport Planners from the Traffic Engineering and Planning Agency (TEPA) for their valuable time and suggestions. Our gratitude is also extended to the people from academia, especially from Department of Transportation Engineering and Management (DTEM) from University of Engineering and Technology (UET) for their recommendations to improve the traffic conditions in the central Lahore area.

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