Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science

A GREEN AND LOW-COST OF MESOPOROUS ELECTRODE BASED ACTIVATED CARBON MONOLITH DERIVED FROM FALLEN TEAK LEAVES FOR HIGH ELECTROCHEMICAL PERFORMANCE


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-27589 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 19 article 777 pages: 162 - 171

Erman Taer*
Universitas Riau, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Department of Physics, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Miftah Ainul Mardiah
Universitas Riau, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Department of Physics, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Agustino
Universitas Riau, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Department of Physics, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Widya Sinta Mustika
Universitas Riau, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Department of Physics, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Apriwandi
Universitas Riau, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Department of Physics, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Rika Taslim
Islamic State University of Sultan Syarif Kasim, Faculty of Science and Technology, Departement of Industrial Engineering, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

Mesoporous carbon materials derived from the novel biomass of fallen teak leaves were synthesized using versatile, low cost, and environmentally friendly route. Therefore, mesoporous carbon materials were prepared in the monolith form, followed by treatment with the integrated pyrolysis of both carbonization and physical activation. In addition, there are detailed studies and analysis on the influences of chemical activation processes under different concentrations on the textural properties, morphology, crystalline degree, chemical elements and electrochemical performance. These mesoporous carbon possess the highest specific surface area of 489.81 m2 g-1, with a pore volume of 0.293 cm3 g-1, and well-developed mesoporosity. Hence, the electrode of mesoporous carbon for supercapacitor in two electrode system with 1 M H2SO4, exhibits a high specific capacitance of 280 F g-1 without heteroatom doping. This report provides an effective route to utilize the novel biomass of fallen teak leaves, with the potential benefits of waste reduction and the production of excellent electrode to serve as energy storage materials.

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The authors would like to thank the DRPM Kemenristek- Dikti through the second year Project of PD (396/ UN.19.5.1.3/PT.01.03/2020) with the title “High-density micro-and nano carbon fiber made from biomass based materials for supercapacitor electrodes”.

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