This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Volume 19 article 779 pages: 175 - 185
The research deals with the compressive strength and density of lightweight concrete, made from polystyrene, cement,
sand and water. This type of lightweight concrete is characterized by good thermal insulation, low density and
good compressive strength and it is used as a lining material in inclination surfaces and in the production of unloaded
building units and elements. The aim of this paper is to suggest mathematical relationships between compressive
strength, density and mix proportions. An intensive experimental program has been implemented for this purpose.
The investigated variables were the mix proportions, namely, polystyrene to cement ratio (P/C), sand to cement ratio
(S/C) and water to cement ratio (W/C). Sixty mixes were produced and tested using five polystyrene to cement ratios
(P/C), 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06 four sand to cement ratios (S/C), 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4 , and three water to cement ratios
(W/C), 0.35, 0.40, 0.45. From the test results, mathematical relationships were suggested that can be of use in determining
mix proportions of polystyrene lightweight concrete based on the required compressive strength or based
on the required dry density.
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