This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Volume 19 article 783 pages: 208 - 216
The implementation of a sandwich panel on the marine structure needs better knowledge of mechanical behaviour,
primarily static and dynamic response. The static and dynamic response is investigated due to the application of a
sandwich panel on the ferry ro-ro ramp door using finite element software ABAQUS. Five modification models using
different sandwich thickness and stiffener configuration were compared using static analysis to analyze a comparison
of structural strength and weight saving. Additionally, the dynamic response was also investigated due to debonding problem. The influence of debonding ratio, geometry, number of debonding, debonding depth, debonding location, and boundary condition was carried out. Debonding was estimated by using free vibration analysis where the
Lanczos method for eigen values extraction was applied. Result of the static analysis showed that Model C caused
an increase in strength to weight ratio compared to the existing model. Furthermore, the natural frequency was being
calculated as modal parameters to investigate the debonding problem. The natural frequency of the debonded model
decreased due to discontinuity in the damaged area. The dynamic response using natural frequency change can be
performed as a structural health monitoring technique.
The research leading to these results has received financial support from the Master towards Doctoral Education
Program for Excellent Graduate (PMDSU) of the Ministry
of Research, Technology and Higher Education of The
Republic of Indonesia with contract number 3/AMD/E1/
1.Yang, J.S., Ma, L., Schmidt, R., Qi, G., Schröder K.U., Xiong, J., Wu, L.Z. (2016). Hybrid lightweight composite pyramidal truss sandwich panels with high damping and stiffness efficiency. Composite Structures, vol. 148, 85–96, DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2016.03.056
2. Sujiatanti, S.H., Zubaydi, A., Budipriyanto, A. (2018). Finite Element Analysis of Ship Deck Sandwich Panel. Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 874, 134- 139, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.874.134
3. Tuswan, Abdullah, K., Zubaydi, A., Budipriyanto, A. (2019). Finite-element Analysis for Structural Strength Assessment of Marine Sandwich Material on Ship Side-shell Structure. Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 13, no. 1, 109–11, DOI: 10.1016/j.matpr.2019.03.197
4. Ramakrishnan, K.V., Kumar D.P.G. (2016). Applications of Sandwich Plate System for Ship Structures. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), 83-90.
5. Mamalis, A. G., Spentzas, K. N., Pantelelis, N. G., Manolakos, D. E., Ioannidis, M. B. (2008). A new hybrid concept for sandwich structures. Composite Structures, vol. 83, no. 4, 335–340, DOI: 10.1016/j. compstruct.2007.05.002
6. Savin-Barcan, M., Beznea, E.F., Chirica, I. (2018). Influence of fabrication imperfections on dynamic response of a sandwich composite panel of a ship deck structure. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 400, 1-6, DOI:10.1088/1757- 899X/400/3/032008
7. Tuswan, Zubaydi, A., Budipriyanto, A., Sujiatanti, S.H. (2018). Comparative study on ferry ro-ro’s car deck structural strength by means of application of sandwich materials. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Marine Technology (SENTA), vol. 1, p. 87-96.
8. Tuswan, Zubaydi, A., Piscesa, B., Ismail, A. (2020). Dynamic characteristic of partially debonded sandwich of ferry ro-ro’s car deck: a numerical modelling. Open Engineering, vol. 10, 424-433, DOI: 10.1515/ eng-2020-0051
9. Tuswan, Zubaydi, A., Piscesa, B., Ismail, A., Ilham, M.F. (2020). Free vibration analysis of interfacial debonded sandwich of ferry ro-ro’s stern ramp door. Procedia Structural Integrity, vol. 27C, 22-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2020.07.004
10. Birman, V., Kardomateas, G.A. (2018). Review of current trends in research and applications of sandwich structures. Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 142, 221-240, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.01.027
11. Burlayenko, V.N., Sadowski, T. (2018). Linear and Nonlinear Dynamic Analyses of Sandwich Panels with Face Sheet-to-Core Debonding. Shock and Vibration, vol. 2018, 1-26, DOI: 10.1155/2018/5715863
12. Bragagnolo, G., Crocombe, A.D., Ogin, S.L., Mohagheghian, I., Sordon, A., Meeks, G., Santoni, C. (2020). Investigation of skin-core debonding in sandwich structures with foam cores. Materials & Design, vol. 186, 1-10, DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.108312
13. Chen, Y., Hou, S., Fu, K., Han, X., Ye, L., (2017). Low-velocity impact response of composite sandwich structures: modelling and experiment. Composite Structures, vol. 168, 322–334, DOI: 10.1016/j. compstruct.2017.02.064
14. Fatt, M.S.H., Sirivolu, D. (2017). Marine composite sandwich plates under air and water blasts. Marine Structures, vol. 56, 163–185, DOI: 10.1016/j.marstruc.2017.08.004
15. Burlayenko, V.N., Sadowski, T. (2010). Influence of skin/core debonding on free vibration behavior of foam and honeycomb cored sandwich plates. International Journal Non-Linear Mechanics, vol. 45, 959-968, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2009.07.002
16. Burlayenko, V.N., Sadowski, T. (2011). Dynamic behaviour of sandwich plates containing single/ multiple debonding. Computational Materials Science, vol. 50, 1263–1268, DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2010.08.005
17. Yang, C., Hou, X.B., Wang, L., Zhang, X.H. (2016). Applications of different criteria in structural damage identification based on natural frequency and static displacement. Science China Technological Sciences, vol. 59, 1746–1758, DOI: 10.1007/s11431-016- 6053-y
18. Zhao, B., Xu, Z., Kan, X., Zhong, J., Guo, T. (2016). Structural damage detection by using single natural frequency and the corresponding mode shape. Shock and Vibration, vol. 2016, 1-8, DOI: 10.1155/2016/8194549
19. Ismail, A., Zubaydi, A., Piscesa, B., Ariesta, R.C., Tuswan. (2020). Vibration-based damage identification for ship sandwich plate using finite element method. Open Engineering, vol. 10, 744 – 752, DOI: 10.1515/eng-2020-0086
20. Kaveh, A., Zolghadr, A. (2015). An improved CSS for damage detection of truss structures using changes in natural frequencies and mode shapes. Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 80, 93-100, DOI: 10.1016/j.advengsoft.2014.09.010
21. Elshafey, A.A., Marzouk, H., Haddara, M.R. (2011). Experimental damage identification using modified mode shape difference. Journal of Marine Science and Application, vol. 10, 150–155, DOI: 10.1007/ s11804-011-1054-5
22. Zhu, K., Chen, M., Lu, Q., Wang, B., Fang, D. (2014). Debonding detection of honeycomb sandwich structures using frequency response functions. Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 333, no. 21, 5299–5311, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2014.05.023
23. Burlayenko, V.N., Sadowski, T. (2014). Nonlinear dynamic analysis of harmonically excited debonded sandwich plates using finite element modelling. Composite Structures, vol. 108, 354-366, DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2013.09.042
24. DNV-GL. Steel sandwich panel construction, from www.dnvgl.com/rules-standards, accessed on 2020- 05-05.
25. DNV-GL. Rules for Classification High Speed and Light Craft, from www.dnvgl.com/rules-standards, accessed on 2020-05-06.
26. Dassault Systemes Simulia Corp. Abaqus Analysis User Guide, from: http://ivt-abaqusdoc.ivt.ntnu. no:2080/v6.14/books/usb/default.html, accessed on 2020-05-07.
27. Burlayenko, V.N., Sadowski, T. (2011). Numerical Modelling of Sandwich Plates with Partially Dedonded Skin-to-Core Interface for Damage Detection, The 8th International Conference on Structural Dynamics, p. 1-8.
28. Lou, J., Wu, L., Ma, L., Xiong, J., Wang, B. (2014). Effects of local damage on vibration characteristics of composite pyramidal truss core sandwich structure. Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 62, 73– 87, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.02.012