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Volume 19 article 785 pages: 230 - 236
The work presents the results of attestation of powders that were obtained from the KHMS "Cellite" alloy (Co-63%, Cr-
27%, Mo-5%, Ni-2%, Fe-2%) by electroerosive dispersion under various technological conditions (voltage from 100V
to 220V, the capacitance of condenser from 15μF to 50μF, pulse frequency from 100Hz to 200Hz), and with using
working fluids of different chemical composition and properties (water, kerosene, butyl alcohol). The study of the dispersion
of the obtained powders, based on the results, established: the range of particle sizes is from 20μm to 110μm
depending on the production modes. The results show various particle sizes, both a few nanometers and hundreds of
microns. Depending on the technological modes of production, various mechanisms of the formation of powder particles
can occur. Flake particles ranging in size from a few nanometers to (as a rule) one micron are obtained by the
crystallization of the material vapor. They usually form agglomerates or stick to larger particles. Spherical and elliptical
particles with a diameter from tens of nanometers to hundreds of microns were formed in crystallized material upon
melting. The result of thermal and mechanical action during electroerosive dispersion was fragmentation grains with
an average size from units to hundreds of microns. To meet the requirements for powders used in additive machines, it
is necessary to select modes that exclude brittle destruction of the particles of the powder material and ensure the production
of spherical or elliptical particles in the required particle size ranges. As a result of the experiment during the
study of the phase composition of powders, using various technological modes and the composition of working fluids,
the following phases were revealed: Cobalt (Co) with a cubic crystal lattice, a=b=c=3.561079 Å; Chromium (Cr) with
a hexagonal crystal lattice a=b=2.738459 Å, c=4.55078 Å; Nickel (Ni) with a hexagonal crystal lattice, a=b=2.652590
Å, c=4.380519 Å; sigma-Cr7Co3 (Cr7Co3 with a tetragonal crystal lattice, a=b=8.656172 Å, c=4.484030 Å; Cobalt
Iron (CoFe), with a cubic crystal lattice, a=b=c=2.846754 Å; Chromium Carbide (Cr3C2) with an orthorhombic crystal
lattice: a=2.821Å, b=5.53Å and c=11.47Å; Iron (Fe) with a cubic crystal lattice, a=b=c=3.604293 Å; Cobalt Carbide
(Co3C), with an orthorhombic crystal lattice, a=b=4.455931 Å, c=6.86598Å; Cobalt Oxide (CoO) with a cubic crystal
lattice a=b=c=4.563279 Å; Magnetite (Fe3O4) with a cubic crystal lattice a=b=c=8.4774342 Å.
This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation.
Project number 17-79-20336-P.
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