This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Volume 19 article 803 pages: 375-382
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of use ember element from woven nickel wire to increasing
the efficiency of the LPG stoves. It is supposed that high-temperature embers can burn more fuel around the wire,
thereby increasing the area of complete combustion. The test was conducted by means of a Water Boiling Test
(WBT) and the number of ember layers varied from one to four. It was found that the use of elements of fire without
reflectors could increase efficiency by 8.32%, with the highest efficiency being with the use of a single layer ember
element of the fire, of 61.71%. However, the use of elements of fire in the finned heat reflectors causes efficiency to
decrease, as the pattern to put elements of fire interfere with the reflectivity. This means the heat reflection is blocked
by the pattern and trapped between the reflector and pattern elements. As a result, the heat energy from the reflector
reflection cannot be forwarded to the combustion zone. The test results also show that the temperature distribution
from ember element use can increase the area of complete combustion.
This work was supported by the Beasiswa Program Pascasarjana
Dalam Negeri (BPPDN) from the Ministry for
Research and Technology Higher Education of Indonesia,
with contract No. 3594/UN10.14/KU/2015. In addition,
we would like to thank Prof. Dr. Eng. Mikrajuddin
Abdullah from the Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia,
Rizal Arifin, M.Si, Ph.D. from Muhammadiyah
University of Ponorogo, Indonesia, and Aceng Sambas,
M.Si, Ph.D. from Muhammadiyah University of Tasikmalaya,
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