Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-28528 
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Volume 19 article 811 pages: 439-447

Igor Grigorev*
Yakut State Agricultural Academy, Department of Technology and Equipment of Forest Complex, Yakutsk, Russia

Olga Kunickaya
Yakut State Agricultural Academy, Department of Technology and Equipment of Forest Complex, Yakutsk, Russia

Albert Burgonutdinov
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Department of Roads and Bridges Building, Perm, Russia

Evgeniy Tikhonov
Petrozavodsk State University, Department of Transport and Technological Machinery and Equipment, Petrozavodsk, Russia

Valentin Makuev
Moscow State Technical University N.E. Bauman (Mytishchi branch), Department of Technological and Equipment LT 7, Mytishchi, Russia

Sergey Egipko
Don State Agrarian University, Department of Machines Environmental Engineering, Novocherkassk, Russia

Edward Hertz
Ural State Forest Engineering University, Department of Technologies and Equipment of Timber Industry, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Maksim Zorin
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G.F. Morozov, Department of Industrial Transport, Construction and Geodesy, Voronezh, Russia

An increasing demand for forest products incites a large number of log transportation operations, which may lead to negative consequences for the soil and the ecosystem as a whole. This paper is focused on establishing a mathematical model to estimate the soil deformation and compaction processes under tires of wheeled forest machines and individual components of the skidding system such as forwarder, limbs, butts, and tops of tree-lengths in high latitudes, permafrost soil and forests. The method applied is based on simulating the impact processes of elastic tires and the skidding system on the soil through a mathematical device for the measurement of the compaction parameters for different types of soil and the size of the shelterbelt. The effectiveness of the proposed models was evaluated according to experimental results. The influence of the rheological (elastic, viscous, and plastic) properties of soil were studied. The elasticity of tires and the running speed of forest machines can help to control the performance of forest machines. This can be done by reducing the pressure exerted on the soil and increasing the number of skidder passes 1.5-2-fold. Comparative analysis showed that the calculated data differ from the experimental ones by no more than 10%. The obtained results and the developed model will allow for a qualitative and quantitative assessment of technological impact on the soil during the projecting maps for logging operations.

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The work was carried out within the confines of the scientific school “Advances in lumber industry and forestry”.

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