Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-27957 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 19 article 833 pages: 600-609

Sugiarto Sugiarto*
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Department of Civil Engineering, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Heru Fahlevi
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Department of Accounting, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Ashfa Achmad
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Department of Architecture and Planning, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Lia Fajri
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Department of Civil Engineering, Alumni, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Tomia Miwa
Nagoya University, Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability, Nagoya, Japan

Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) is a common approach usually applied in examining public satisfaction and has been adopted in the transportation sector to measure the quality of service provided by the public transport system. This study, therefore, investigated the relative important service quality attributes of bus systems among both public and private modes of transportation users in Banda Aceh in Indonesia. An urban bus system known as the “Trans Koetardja” was used as a case study and a questionnaire designed based on preference (SP) survey was applied. A total of 200 samples comprising of 100 bus users and 100 private mode users including cars and motorcycles were used for the preliminary study. Also, the IPA approach was used to evaluate the Trans Koetaradja service quality attributes based on importance and performance classification. The quadrant grid plot showed the need for the operators to allocate their resources towards improving their services by considering (a) an improvement in bus stop facilities, (b) enhancement in the route and accurate timetable, and (c) shortening bus travel time and waiting time in the bus stop.

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The authors express their honest gratitude to all those that helped in this study. The authors also appreciate the Universitas Syiah Kuala for providing financial support in collecting data under Contract No. 523/UN11/SPK/PNBP/2019 and the joint research program of the Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability, Nagoya University. The authors take responsibility for all the remaining oversight in this study.

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