Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-31154 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 19 article 875 pages: 954-961

Reem Ahmed
Elgeraf sharg Technical College, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sudan

Obai Younis*
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, College of Engineering at Wadi Addwaser, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia; University of Khartoum, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Khartoum, Sudan

Ali Mohammed Hamdan
University of Bahri, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bahri, Sudan

Dania Ahmed
University of Khartoum, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Khartoum, Sudan

Ali Ahmed Ali
Abdulatif Alhamad University of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Sudan

Ibrahim Ahmed
Sudan University of Science and Technology, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Sudan

The study aims to determine the effect of the nozzle groove on fluid flow through the viscous 2D planar fluid. To fulfil the study’s aim, a numerical method was adopted to introduce grooves of different dimensions from the nozzle exit. The study adopts SolidWorks software that was used to design nozzles and introduce groove shaped nozzles, each consisting of six different designs. The nozzle base model used in this study was similar to the one used in a previous study. The procedure was performed with different pressures (8, 10, and 12 bar) at a similar firefighting nozzle. The velocities contours were predicted based on the choice of nozzle section during the numerical stimulation. The present study results demonstrated a new approach that can be used for the increasing velocity at various types of modified nozzles through grooves at different pressures and locations. For grooves, dimensions 1×1 (mm) and location 15 mm at 8 bar, 10 bar and 12 bars showed no effect on velocity as it reduces velocity by increasing surface area. The velocity increases with increasing pressure in the proportion relationship. It clearly explains that the groove does not affect velocity as it rises due to increase in pressure. It is because the groove reduces the velocity by increasing surface area. The study concludes that the use of groove increases the velocity of water that further improves nozzles operation.

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This publication was supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia.

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