Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-26622 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 19 article 766 pages: 84 - 91

Aleksei V. Ivanov*
Saint-Petersburg University of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Department of fire safety of technological processes and production, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

Farid A. Dali
Saint-Petersburg University of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Department of fire safety of technological processes and production, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

Grigoriy K. Ivakhnyuk
Saint-Petersburg State Institute of Technology, Department of Engineering Protection of Environment, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

Igor L. Skripnick
Saint-Petersburg University of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Department of fire safety of technological processes and production, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

Marina A. Simonova
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, The Higher school of technosphere safety of Construction institute, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

Denis V. Shikhalev
State Fire Academy of EMERCOM of Russia, Department of information support of the population and technologies fire safety, Moscow, Russian Federation

Oil and gas enterprises are characterized by an increased fire risk. There is high probability of occurrence and spread of large fires when oil production and processing, transportation and storage of oil products occurs. There is high probability of large fires during the oil production, oil processing and during the transportation and storage of petroleum products. New materials created using nanotechnology principles are needed to improve the efficiency of fire prevention and extinguishing systems. The technology for controlling the properties and performance characteristics of nanofluids based on liquid hydrocarbons and water is based on the methods of functionalization and interaction of clusters of the base liquid and multilayer carbon nanotubes, methods for stabilizing nanofluids, for changing the thermophysical, rheo-logical and electrostatic properties of substances and materials on their basis. The proposed technology makes it possible to create nanomaterials based on various scenarios for the development of emergency situations and to apply them to reduce fire risk at oil and gas facilities.

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