Volume 9 article 202 pages: 373 - 382
Development, advantages and disadvantages of EV are presented in this paper. Future of the electric vehicles largely depends on the price of oil in the world market, environmental and technical characteristics of the EV drive system. As a result of the fi rst oil crisis, in the seventies of the last century, there are some fi rst thoughts on electric vehicles in our country. The first electric vehicle had been made in the former Yugoslavia, under the leadership of Academician A. Despic. Today, they are mostly, all electrical component needed to drive high quality and have a degree of efficiency, at a high level, so that the overall efficiency of passenger electric propulsion system (battery-wheels), is around 75%. The biggest problem remains a “reservoir of energy.” Even the best batteries today have a mass energy density to 200 Wh/kg, the electric vehicles can not, in terms of performance, compete with the vehicles with conventional drive. Promising battery system with 1700 Wh/kg will be able to provide a comparative performance and to, thereby, make the transition to completely clean vehicles. As far as researches do not invent such battery, now used HEV will be solution for reducing emission which vehicles produces and fuel consumption, in order to reduce gradually dependence on oil imports.
This work has been fi
nancially supported by projects MNIT TR 35042 and TR 34028.
Curcic, M., Nikolic, Z., (1997), “Fast Lada” to ride around the city, sources of electricity, Belgrade, 1, 155-164.
Despic, A. R., Milanovic, P. D., (1979), Aluminium-air battery for Electric vehicles, Recueil des travaux de l, Institut des Sciences Techniques de L Academie des Sciences et Anglais arts, Vol 12 No, 1, pages 1-18.
Eckstein, L., Faßbender, S., Lesemann, M., Ickert, L., Hartmann, B., Bröckerhoff, M., (2010) “A car for everyone“- the winning concept of the international Ford model T challenge, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 8(4), 17–22.
Fredzon, I.R., (1958). Sudovbie elektromehanizmbi, Gosudarsvenoe soioznoe izdetelbstvo sudostroitelbnoi promibislennosti, Leningrad, p. 5.
Garden, R., (2009), Remarks by the President of the national fuel effi ciency standards, http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Remarks-by-the-President-on-nationalfuel-efficiency-standards/, May 19th, 2009.
[General Motors (1996) Zeroing in on the EV1, Electric & Hybrid vehicle technology 96, 20 – 25
Girishkumar, L.G.G., McCloskey, B., Luntz, A. C., Swanson, S., and Wilcke, W., (2010), Lithium-Air Battery: Promise and Challenges, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2010, 1, 2193-2203, doi: 10.1021/jz1005384
http://xdconcept.com/, XD Concept Leafl et.
International Energy Outlook 2010, DOE/EIA-0484 (2010), ww.eia.gov / oiaf / EMI /index.htm
Kaplanovic, S., Ivkovic, I., Petrovic, J., (2010) Tax on motor fuels in transportation sector – instrument for environment protection, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, no. 16, 39 – 46.
Kaplanovic, S., Petrovic, J., Ivkovic, I., (2009). Economic instruments in function of sustainable development of road transportation, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, no. 25, 17–22.
Kordesch, K., (1978). The electric cars, Union Carbide Corporation Battery Product Division, Ohio
More authors, (1973). Problems and prospects of development the electric vehicles and their introducing in traffi c, Belgrade, Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA.
More authors, (2010), A European Strategy on Clean and energy-efficient Vehicles, Renault-Nissan Comments.
Nikolic, Z., Marjanovic, S., Jankovic, Z., Rancic, M., (1997), YUGO with electric drive, electric energy sources, Belgrade, 1,141-153.
Nikolic, Z., Curcic, M., Porter, Z., Ranisavljevic, R., (1997), Development of commercial autonomous electric vehicles, Proceedings of the IX Symposium Power Electronics 97, Novi Sad, 102–107
Nikolic, Z., Dakic, P., Marjanovic, S., Pavlovic, S., (1997), Some properties of the reconstructed electric vehicles Yugo-E for Electric Power, Power, 25, Belgrade, 3, 266-280.
Nikolic, Z., (1981), Some experience with electric vehicle, Proceedings of the Conference “Science and Motor Vehicles 81”, Kragujevac, A01-1 to A01-14.
Nikolic, Z., (2010), Electric vehicles in the world and in our country, Belgrade, Gosa Institute.
Ogasawara, T., Debart, A., Holzapfel, M., Nov_ak, P., Bruce, P. G., (2006) Electrode for Rechargeable Li2O2 Lithium Batteries. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128 (4), 1390-1393.
Slavnich, D., (2010), Electric Avenue, Electric & Hybrid Vehicle Technology July 2010, 52-56.
Slavnich, D., (2011), Jet Power, Electric & Hybrid Vehicle Technology January 2011, 06-09.
Slavnich, D., (2011), Shimmering star, Electric & Hybrid Vehicle Technology January 2011, 88-94.
Solomon, S. S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Marquis, M., Averyt, K., Tignor, M., LeRoy H., Chen, Z., (2007)Climate Change 2007 - The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment of the IPCC (ISBN 978 0521 8800 9-1 Hardback; 978 0521 7059 6-7 Paperback)
Zetsche, D., (2010), The Future of Electric Cars -
The Automotive Industry Perspective, San Sebastian, 9 February 2010,