Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes17-20617
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions. 
Creative Commons License

Volume 17 article 612 pages: 321 - 332

Hermawan Hermawan* 
Qur’anic Science University, Wonosobo, Indonesia

Hadiyanto Hadiyanto 
Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Sunaryo Sunaryo 
Qur’anic Science University, Wonosobo, Indonesia

Asyhar Kholil 
Qur’anic Science University, Wonosobo, Indonesia

A building’s ability in creating thermal convenience will produce energy saving. Such an ability of a building is known as building thermal performance. Building thermal performance is highly influenced by the building envelop and environment temperature. This research aims at analyzing the thermal performance of two wood- and exposed stone-walled buildings in mountainous areas. The measurement uses a scaled prototype of 0.60 m x 0.60 m x 0.60 meter size. Determination of building materials in accordance with local material conditions results from previous studies. The roof uses four material variations, namely roof tiles, zinc, asbestos and thatch. The floor uses three material variations, namely earth, concrete rebate and ceramic. There are a total of 32 building envelope variations. The measurement is performed for 24 hours for each variation model. The analysis uses a graphic and it will shows the difference between wood- and exposed stone-walled buildings. The research results generally show that air temperature inside wood building is higher than in exposed stone building. The highest indoor air temperature difference between the wood building and the exposed stone building is 0.37oC. Finally, the building variation with the highest thermal performance is the one with zinc roof and earth floor.

View article

Thanks to the Republic of Indonesia Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education for providing research funding. Grant number 025/L6/AK/SP2H/PENELITIAN/2019.

1. Dernie, D., Gaspari, J. (2015). Building envelope over-cladding: impact on energy balance and microclimate. Buildings, 5, 715-735.

2. Rosso, F., Pisello, A.L., Cotana, F., Ferrero, M. (2014). Integrated thermal-energy analysis of innovative translucent white marble for building envelope application. Sustainability, 6, 5439-5462.

3. Carletti, C., Pierangioli, L., Sciurpi, F., Salvietti, A. (2018). Comparison among detailed and simplified calculation methods for thermal and energy assessment of the building envelope and the shadings of a new wooden nZEBhouse. Sustainability, 10, 476.

4. Alaidroos, A., Krarti, M. (2015). Optimal design of residential building envelope systems in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Energy and Buildings, 86, 104–11.

5. Badarnah, L. (2017). Form follows environment: biomimetic approaches to building envelope design for environmental adaptation. Buildings, 7, 40.

6. Albatayneh, A., Alterman, D., Page, A., Moghtaderi, B. (2017). The impact of the thermal comfort models on the prediction of building energy consumption. Sustainability, 10, 3609.

7. Widiastuti, R., Caesarendra, W., Prianto, E., Budi, W.S. (2018). Study on the leaves densities as parameter for effectiveness of energy transfer on the green facade. Buildings, 8, 138.

8. De Berardinis, P., Rotilio, M., Capannolo, L. (2017). Energy and sustainable strategies in the renovation of existing buildings: an Italian case study. Sustainability, 9, 1472.

9. Mohammad, S., Shea, A. (2013). Performance evaluation of modern building thermal envelope designs in the semi-arid continental climate of Tehran. Buildings, 3, 674-688.

10. Suárez, R., Escandón, R., López-Pérez, R., León-Rodríguez, Á.L., Klein, T., Silvester, S. (2018). Impact of climate change: environmental assessment of passive solutions in a single-family home in Southern Spain. Sustainability, 10, 2914.

11. Choi, D.H., Kang, D.H. (2018). Indoor/outdoor relationships of airborne particles under controlled pressure difference across the building envelope in Korean multifamily apartments. Sustainability, 10, 4074.

12. Bodach, S., Lang, W., Hamhaber, J. (2014). Climate building design strategies of vernacular architecture in Nepal, Energy Build, 81, 227–242

13. Huang, L., Hamza, N., Lan, B., Zahi, D. (2016). Climate-responsive design of traditional dwellings in the cold-arid regions of Tibet and a field investigation of indoor environments in winter, Energy Build, 128, 697–712

14. Hermawan. (2014).Karakteristik rumah tinggal tradisional di daerah pegunungan Jawa Tengah. Jurnal PPKM UNSIQ, 3, 212-219

15. Molina, F.Q. Yaguana, D.B. (2018) Indoor environmental quality of urban residential buildings in Cuenca-ecuador: comfort standard. Buildings, 8, 90.

16. Karyono, T.H., Sri, E., Sulistiawan, J.G., Triswanti, Y. (2015).Thermal comfort studies in naturally ventilated buildings in Jakarta, Indonesia. Buildings, 5, 917-932.

17. Feriadi, H., Wong, N.H. (2004). Thermal comfort for naturally ventilated houses in Indonesia. Energy Build, 36, 614–626.

18. Karyono, T.H. (1995). Thermal comfort for the Indonesian workers in Jakarta. Build. Res. Inf, 23, 317–323.

19. Karyono, T.H. (2008). Bandung thermal comfort study: assessing the applicability of an adaptive model in Indonesia. Archit. Sci. Rev, 51, 60–65.

20. Karyono, T.H. (2015). Predicting comfort temperature in Indonesia, an initial step to reduce cooling energy consumption. Buildings, 5, 802-813

21. Rijal, H.B. (2014). Investigation of comfort temperature and occupant behavior in Japanese houses during the hot and humid season. Buildings, 4, 437-452.

22. Hermawan,Sunaryo, Kholil, A. (2018). A thermal performance comparison of residential envelopes at the tropical highland for occupants’ thermal comfort. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci, 200, 012034

23. Lu, S., Wang, R., Zheng, S. (2017). Passive optimization design based on particle swarm optimization in rural buildings of the hot summer and warm winter zone of China. Sustainability, 9, 2288.

24. Hermawan, Prianto, E., Setyowati, E. (2019). Indoor temperature prediction of the houses with exposed stones in tropical mountain regions during four periods of different seasons. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), 10, 05, 604-612.