Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-35481 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 20 article 698 pages: 610-624

Aditya Rio Prabowo*
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Rizky Adhi Febrianto
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Tuswan Tuswan
Department of Naval Architecture, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

A typical ship must operate in extreme conditions in the open coastal zone. Due to the severe operation at sea, comparative research on the design of the hull shape for optimization purposes will be important, specifically in the resistance and movement aspect. In this regard, an investigation was carried out by varying the total of four V-shaped monohull models from the high-built design as the main subject to compare several hull shape designs at the same displacement to obtain better performance at stability, resistance, and seakeeping criteria. Savitsky formula is used to calculate the hull resistance, and the stability analysis is calculated analytically by comparing the relationship between righting arm and heel angle. Furthermore, ship motion is investigated by examining heave and roll response amplitude operator (RAO) and Motion Sickness Incident (MSI) index due to wave height 0.1 m. The most significant feature in this study is resistance since, with limited power, a minimum resistance value is necessary for best outcomes. It can be found that Model I is a superior model in terms of resistance, stability, and seakeeping performance to other models. However, Model III is not recommended since it has high resistance and bad stability and motion performance. From these results, it can be summarized that Model I is selected as the best hull form model.

View article

1. Costanza, R. (1999). The ecological, economic, and social importance of the oceans. Ecological economics, vol. 31, no. 2, 199-213, DOI: 10.1016/S0921-8009(99)00079-8

2. Prabowo, A.R., Laksono, F.B., Sohn, J.M. (2020). Investigation of structural performance subjected to impact loading using finite element approach: Case of ship-container collision. Curved and Layered Structures, vol. 7, 17–28, DOI: 10.1515/cls-2020-0002

3. Prabowo, A.R., Muttaqie, T., Sohn, J.M., Bae, D.M. (2018). Nonlinear analysis of inter-island roro under impact: Effects of selected collision’s parameters on the crashworthy double-side structures. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, vol. 40, no. 5, 248, DOI: 10.1007/s40430-018-1169-6

4. Prabowo, A.R., Baek, S.J., Cho, H.J., Byeon, J.H., Bae, D.M., Sohn, J.M. (2017). The effectiveness of thin-walled hull structures against collision impact. Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, vol 14, no. 7, 1345-1360, DOI: 10.1590/1679-78253895

5. Prabowo, A.R., Bae, D.M., Sohn, J.M. (2019). Comparing structural casualties of the Ro-Ro vessel using straight and oblique collision incidents on the car deck. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, vol. 7, no. 6, 183, DOI: 10.3390/jmse7060183

6. Prabowo, A.R., Sohn, J.M. (2019). Nonlinear dynamic behaviors of outer shell and upper deck structures subjected to impact loading in maritime environment. Curved and Layered Structures, vol. 6, 146–160, DOI: 10.1515/cls-2019-0012

7. Prabowo, A.R., Muttaqie, T., Sohn, J.M., Harsritanto, B.I.R. (2019). Investigation on structural component behaviours of double bottom arrangement under grounding accidents. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, 50–59, DOI: 10.1016/j.taml.2019.01.010

8. Prabowo, A.R., Cao, B., Sohn, J.M., Bae, D.M. (2020). Crashworthiness assessment of thin-walled double bottom tanker: Influences of seabed to structural damage and damage-energy formulae for grounding damage calculations. Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science, vol. 5, no. 4, 387–400, DOI: 10.1016/j.joes.2020.03.002

9. Yusvika, M., Prabowo, A.R., Tjahjana, D.D.D.P., Sohn, J.M. (2020). Cavitation prediction of ship propeller based on temperature and fluid properties of water. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 6, 465, DOI: 10.3390/JMSE8060465

10. Cao, B., Bae, D.-M., Sohn, J.-M., ...Chen, T.H., Li, H. (2016). Numerical analysis for damage characteristics caused by ice collision on side structure. The 35th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering (OMAE), Busan, South Korea. Article number: V008T07A019.

11. Genda, H. (2016). Origin of Earth’s oceans: An assessment of the total amount, history and supply of water. Geochemical. Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 27–42, DOI: 10.2343/geochemj.2.0398

12. Prabowo, A.R., Tuswan, T., Ridwan R. (2021). Advanced Development of Sensors’ Roles in Maritime-Based Industry and Research: From Field Monitoring to High-Risk Phenomenon Measurement. Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, 3954, DOI: 10.3390/app11093954

13. Julianto, R.I., Prabowo, A.R., Muhayat, N., Putranto, T., Adiputra, R. (2021). Investigation of Hull Design to Quantify Resistance Criteria using Holtrop’s Regression based Method and Savitsky’s Mathematical Model: A Study Case of Fishing Vessels. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 16, no. 2, 1426 - 1443, DOI: -

14. Febrianto, R.A., Prabowo, A.R., Baek, S.J., Adiputra, R. (2021). Analysis of Monohull Design Characteristics as Supporting Vessel for the COVID-19 Medical Treatment and Logistic. Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 55, 699-706, DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2021.07.038

15. Bahatmaka, A., Prabowo, A.R., Kim, D.J. (2021). Effect of Nozzle Performance on the Ducted Propeller: A Benchmark-Simulation Study using OpenFOAM. Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 55, 645-652, DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2021.07.031

16. Nugroho, A., Khaeroman, Nubli, H., Prabowo, A.R., Yudo, H. (2020). Finite Element Based Analysis of Steering Construction System of ORCA Class Fisheries Inspection Ship. Procedia Structural Integrity, vol. 27, 46-53, DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2020.07.007

17. Prabowo, A.R., Martono, E., Muttaqie, T., Tuswan, T., Bae, D.M. (2022). Effect of hull design variations on the resistance profile and wave pattern: a case study of the patrol boat vessel. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol.17, no. 1, 106–126, DOI: -

18. Julianto, R.I., Muttaqie, T., Adiputra, R., Hadi, S., Hidajat, R.L.L.G., Prabowo, A.R. (2020). Hydrodynamic and Structural Investigations of Catamaran Design. Procedia Structural Integrity, vol. 27, 93-100, DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2020.07.013

19. Zhao, Y., Zong, Z., Zou, L. (2015). Ship hull optimization based on wave resistance using wavelet method. Journal of Hydrodynamics, vol. 27, 216-222, DOI: 10.1016/S1001-6058(15)60475-9

20. Chrismianto, D., Tuswan, Manik, P. (2018). Analysis of Resistance and Effective Wake Friction due to Addition of Stern Tunnels on Passenger Ship Using CFD. IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 135, 012008, DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/135/1/012008

21. Yanuar, Ibadurrahman, I., Gunawan, A., Wibowo, R.A., Gunawan. (2020). Drag reduction of X-pentamaran ship model with asymmetric-hull outrigger configurations and hull separation. Energy Report, vol. 6, 784-789, DOI: 10.1016/j.egyr.2019.11.158

22. Esmailian, E., Gholami, H., Røstvik, H.N., Menhaj, M.B. (2019). prEnergy Conversion and Management, vol. 197, 111879, DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2019.111879

23. Rosén, A., Begovic, E., Razola, M., Garme, K. (2017). High-speed craft dynamics in waves: challenges and opportunities related to the current safety philosophy. The 16th International Ship Stability Workshop (ISSW 2017), Belgrade, Serbia. Article number: -

24. Scamardella, A., Piscopo, V. (2014). Passenger ship seakeeping optimization by the Overall Motion Sickness Incidence. Ocean Engineering, vol. 76, 86-97, DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2013.12.005

25. Piscopo, V., Scamardella, A. (2015). The overall motion sickness incidence applied to catamarans. International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, vol. 7, no. 4, 655- 669, DOI: 10.1515/ijnaoe-2015-0046

26. Lopez, E., Velaseo, F.J., Rueda, T.M., Moyano, E. (2003). Experiments on the Reduction of Motion Sickness Incidence on a High-Speed Craft. IFAC Proceedings, vol. 36, no. 21, 97-102, DOI: 10.1016/S1474-6670(17)37790-X

27. Ashkezari, A.Z., Moradi, M. (2021). Three-dimensional simulation and evaluation of the hydrodynamic effects of stern wedges on the performance and stability of high-speed planing monohull craft. Applied Ocean Research, vol. 110, 102585, DOI: 10.1016/j.apor.2021.102585

28. Manderbacka, T., Themelis, N., Bačkalov, I., Boulougouris, E., Eliopoulou, E., Hashimoto, H., Konovessis, D., Leguen, J-F., González, M., Rodríguez, C.A., Rosén, A., Ruponen, P., Shigunov, V., Schreuder, M., Terada, D. (2019). An overview of the current research on stability of ships and ocean vehicles: The STAB2018 perspective. Ocean Engineering, vol. 186, 106090, DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.05.072

29. Im, N. K., Choe, H. (2021). A quantitative methodology for evaluating the ship stability using the index for marine ship intact stability assessment model. International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, vol. 13, 246–259. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnaoe.2021.01.005

30. Barrass, B., Derrett, D.R. (2006). Ship Stability For Masters And Mates, Sixth edition. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

31. Poundra, G.A.P., Utama, I.K.A.P., Hardianto, D., Suwasono, B. (2017). Optimizing trimaran yacht hull configuration based on resistance and seakeeping criteria. Procedia Engineering, vol. 194, 112–119, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.08.124

32. Tupper, E.C. (2013). Introduction to Naval Architecture, Fifth edition. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

33. Savitsky, D., Ward, B.P. (1976). Procedures for Hydrodynamic Evaluation of Planing Hulls in Smooth and Rough Water. Marine Technology and Sname News, vol. 13, no. 4, 381-400, DOI: -

34. Huang, S., Jiao, J., Chen, C. (2021). CFD prediction of ship seakeeping behavior in bi-directional cross wave compared with in uni-directional regular wave. Applied Ocean Research, vol. 107, 102426, DOI: 10.1016/j.apor.2020.102426

35. Nimma, R.B., Arundeepan, V., Shashikala, A.P. (2018). Ship Motion in Viscous Flow under Irregular Waves. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 9, no. 4, 8-13, DOI: -

36. Bhattacharya, R. (1978). Dynamics of Marine Vehicles. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

37. Lewkowicz, R. (2019). A centrifuge-based flight simulator: Optimization of a baseline acceleration profile based on the motion sickness incidence. Acta Astronautica, vol. 164, 23-33, DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2019.07.007

38. Cepowski, T. (2012). The prediction of the Motion Sickness Incidence index at the initial design stage. Zeszyty Naukowe, vol. 31, 45-48, DOI: -