Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-44277 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 21 article 1133 pages: 917-927

Alexey Dengaev*
National University of Oil and Gas, Gubkin University, Moscow, Russia

Alexandr Maksimenko
National University of Oil and Gas, Gubkin University, Moscow, Russia

Konstantin Shut
National University of Oil and Gas, Gubkin University, Moscow, Russia

Anna Novikova
National University of Oil and Gas, Gubkin University, Moscow, Russia

Olga Eremenko
National University of Oil and Gas, Gubkin University, Moscow, Russia

Kirill Arteev
National University of Oil and Gas, Gubkin University, Moscow, Russia

Andrey Getalov*
NPO LLC Volna, Moscow, Russia

Boris Sargin
NPO LLC Volna, Moscow, Russia

Safiullina Elena*
Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The article presents the results of a study of the use of ultrasonic technologies to increase the strength of cement mortar in the production of building and concrete structures, as well as to improve the rheological parameters of grouting mortar during the construction (drilling) of wells. During the experiment, the concrete mortar was treated for 3 minutes with an ultrasonic multi-frequency acoustic field (frequency 20.0 - 40.0 kHz, signal power - 200-400 W/dm3) in devices of various geometric shape. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) of class G-100 was used in the composition of the solution without plasticizer additives in order to exclude their influence. The ratio of water and cement in the solution was 0.44, the density - 1.90 g/cm3. Typical elements of flow channels were used as volumes where ultrasonic exposure is carried out. The hydrodynamic regime of the processes in the water-cement suspension was modeled at the beginning of the experiments by slow mixing with a paddle agitator (200 rev./min), and on closing stage, in order to prevent the effect of hydrodynamic cavitation failure, at a speed of 1000 rev./min. The maximum compression and bending stresses are measured after the mixture solidified in a steam bath (T =60°C, 24 h.) on a hydraulic stand. Conducted experiments have confirmed that ultrasonic exposure using resonant accumulators and flow hoses: has a positive effect on the hydration reaction and the structure of cement stone in the concrete sealing phase; accelerates the intensity of compressive strength. (from 24.3 MPa to 41.5 MPa); uniformity of structure; reduces the influence of temperature on strength gain (reduces energy consumption); increases the reliability of building structures, and in the case of well construction - provides a strong adhesion of the production column with rock. In general, the results of the study allowed: to formulate a technology for the production of heavy-duty concrete mixtures; to develop a set of equipment for the preparation of concrete (grouting mortar) with specified characteristics at production objects.

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