Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-41412 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 21 article 1142 pages: 1016 -1030

Aulia Windyandari*
Industrial Technology Department, Vocational College, Diponegoro University, Semarang-50275, Indonesia

Sunarso Sugeng
Industrial Technology Department, Vocational College, Diponegoro University, Semarang-50275, Indonesia

Industrial Technology Department, Vocational College, Diponegoro University, Semarang-50275, Indonesia

Mohd Ridwan
Industrial Technology Department, Vocational College, Diponegoro University, Semarang-50275, Indonesia

Adi Kurniawan Yusim
Industrial Technology Department, Vocational College, Diponegoro University, Semarang-50275, Indonesia

The Flat-sided Hull Vessel was introduced to simplify and create an efficient ship production process by eliminating the fairing work, bending, and curved panel line assembly. The built process simplification is expected that the FSHV can be produced by the traditional boat yard. However, the flat hull concept has slightly increased resistance performance. Therefore, implementing a resistance reduction device is endorsed to improve the boat's performance. The focus of the research is to identify the influence of the flat hull concept on seakeeping behavior. The hexagonal catamaran hull form was developed on the deadrise angle, angle of attack, and stern angle variation. Furthermore, the response amplitude operator and the motion spectral density of heave, roll, and pitch motion were calculated. Otherwise, the seakeeping performance of the hexagonal catamaran is compared to the original rounded catamaran. The results show that the hexagonal catamaran hulls have better seakeeping performance in the Beam Sea. However, the conventional catamaran has demonstrated superiority over the hexagonal catamaran in the Bow Quartering and Head Sea conditions.

View article

This research was financially supported by Vocational School, Diponegoro University, Indonesia, through Research Grant (DIPA) 2022, Contract Number: 389.15/UN7.

1.      Gallin C. (1978). Inventiveness in Ship Design. Transactions of the North East CoastInstitution of Engineers and Shipbuilders 94, pp.17–32.

2.      Wibowo HT, Talahatu MA. (2010). The Development of Flat-sided Hull Boat (translated from bahasa). 9th Annual National Seminar Mechanical Engineering (SNTTM), pp.135 –138.

3.      Putra GL, Wibowo HT, Agusta F. (2017). Stability analysis of semi-trimaran flat hull ship for a sea transportation model. Communications in Science and Technology 2, pp. 42–6.

4.      Syahril, Nabawi RA. (2019). Numerical Investigation of the Effect on Four Bow Designs Flat Hull Ship. International Journal of GEOMATE 16, pp.113–8.

5.      Guswondo D. (2009). Investment Feasibility Analysis of Flat Hull Vessel as Public Shipping Fleet (Translate from Bahasa). Undergraduate Thesis. University of Indonesia.

6.      Astiti T.W. (2015). Revitalization of Public Shipping Fleet using Flat Hull Vessel (Translate from Bahasa). Undergraduate Thesis. University of Indonesia.

7.      Prianto B.A. (2014). Investment Feasibility Analysis of Flat Hull Catamaran Yacht 20 Pax as the Chartered Vessel for Jakarta - Seribu Islands Route. Undergraduate Thesis. The University of Indonesia.

8.      Ministry of research technology and higher education. (2019). Minister of Research Technology and Higher Education launched the "CuCut Nusantara" Flat Plate Boat to Tual (translated from Bahasa). Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education.

9.      Campana EF, Diez M, Liuzzi G, Lucidi S, Pellegrini R, Piccialli V. (2018). A multi-objective DIRECT algorithm for ship hull optimization. Comput Optim Appl 71, pp.53–72.

10.   Diez M, Serani A, Campana EF, Stern F, Campana EF. (2017). CFD-based Stochastic Optimization of a Destroyer Hull Form for Realistic Ocean Operations. 14th International Conference on Fast Sea Transportation, Nantes, France.

11.   Jung YW, Kim Y. (2019). Hull form optimization in the conceptual design stage considering operational efficiency in waves. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment 233, pp.745–59.

12.   Shen H, Xiao Q, Zhou J, Su Y, Bi X. (2022). Design of hydrofoil for the resistance improvement of planing boat based on CFD technology. Ocean Engineering 255, 111413.

13.   Çelik C, Danışman DB, Khan S, Kaklis P. (2021). A reduced order data-driven method for resistance prediction and shape optimization of hull vane. Ocean Engineering 235, 109406.

14.   Uithof K, Bouckaert B, van Oossanen PG, Moerke N. (2016). The Effects of the Hull Vane on Ship Motions of Ferries and Ropax Vessels. Design & Operation of Ferries & Ro-Pax Vessels, pp.59–66.

15.   Çelik C, Danışman DB, Khan S, Celik C, Danisman DB, Kaklis P. (2019). An investigation into the effect of the Hull Vane on the ship resistance in OpenFOAM. 18th International Congress of the Maritime Association of the Mediterranean, Varna, Bulgaria.

16.   Hou H, Krajewski M, Ilter YK, Day S, Atlar M, Shi W. (2020). An experimental investigation of the impact of retrofitting an underwater stern foil on the resistance and motion. Ocean Engineering 205, 107290,

17.   Budiyanto MA, Syahrudin MF, Murdianto MA. (2020). Investigation of the effectiveness of a stern foil on a patrol boat by experiment and simulation. Cogen Engineering 7, 1716925,

18.   Budiyanto MA, Murdianto MA, Syahrudin MF. (2020). Study on the resistance reduction on high-speed vessels by application of stern foil using CFD simulation. CFD Letters 12, pp.35–42.

19.   Song KW, Guo CY, Gong J, Li P, Wang LZ. (2018). Influence of interceptors, stern flaps, and their combinations on the hydrodynamic performance of a deep-vee ship. Ocean Engineering 170, pp.306–20.

20.   Song KW, Guo CY, Wang C, Sun C, Li P, Wang W. (2019). Numerical analysis of the effects of stern flaps on ship resistance and propulsion performance. Ocean Engineering 193, 106621.

21.   Doctors LJ. (2020). Hydrodynamics of transom-stern flaps for planing boats. Ocean Engineering 216, 107858.

22.   Liu L, Wang X, He R, Zhang Z, Feng D. (2020). CFD prediction of stern flap effect on Catamaran seakeeping behavior in long crest head wave. Applied Ocean Research 104, 102367.

23.   Wang X, Liu L, Zhang Z, Feng D. (2020). Numerical study of the stern flap effect on catamaran' seakeeping characteristic in regular head waves. Ocean Engineering 206, 107172.

24.   Nabawi RA, Syahril, Primawati. (2021). Study Reduction of Resistance on The Flat Hull Ship of The Semi-Trimaran Model: Hull Vane Vs Stern Foil. CFD Letters 13, pp.32–44.

25.   Zakki AF, Chrismianto D, Windyandari A, Ilham R. (2021). On the Development of Catamaran Hull Form for Fish Processing Vessel to Support Domestic Fishing Activities in Indonesia. NAŠE MORE : Znanstveni Časopis Za More i Pomorstvo 68, pp.175–88.

26.   Setiyawan H, Salim R, Lukman T, Hadi S, Hadihardaja IK. (2013). Spectral Representation In Pacitan and Meulaboh Coast. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS 13, pp.29-34.

27.   Iqbal M, Good R. (2016). The Influence of Anti-Slamming Bulbous Bow on the Slamming Motion of 200 DWT Pioneer Vessel (Translated from Bahasa). Kapal 13, pp.45–54.

28.   Adrianto D, Djatmiko EB, Adrianto D. (2020). The 6-Hz wave measurements in Western Java Sea and its preliminary characteristics analysis. AES Bioflux 12, pp.66–82.

29.   Adrianto D, Djatmiko EB, Suntoyo. (2019). The improvement of an ultrasonic sensor-based device for direct ocean wave measurement program at Western Java Sea-Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science vol. 389, pp. 1–11.

30.   Beck RF, Cummins WE, Dalzell JF, Mandel P, Webster WC. (1989). Motions in waves - Chapter 8. In: Lewis EV, editor. Principles of Naval Architecture, vol. III. Second Edition, New York: Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, pp. 38–40.