Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-43734 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 21 article 1146 pages: 1062-1073

Jouilel Naima*
National School of Applied sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco

Mhaiti Nissrine
National High School of arts and crafts, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

Radouani Mohammed
National High School of arts and crafts, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

El Fahime Benaissa
National High School of arts and crafts, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

In this paper, the premature failure of the high speed railway wheel of power locomotive commissioned in Morocco since 2018 was investigated. A three dimensional model of the wheel is established, with account of specific wheel’s features, to perform the finite elements and modal analysis. Simulations were conducted for several functional diameters of wheels (850mm, 885mm, and 920mm) to figure out stress distribution in different operation conditions. Stress results show that the wheel bears the mechanical loading in both exceptional and fatigue loads, therefore a modal analysis of the structure in presence of facets, which create a vibratory state, is done to examine their effect on the premature fatigue of the wheel. Modal analysis reveals that the presence of facets leads to a vibratory mode near to resonance. Based on those results, critical operation points as function of facets number and wheel diameter were determined to avoid scenarios that lead to cracks and premature fatigue of the studied wheels. Existing maintenance procedures must be modified to overcome this problem and increase the wheel’s lifetime without affecting the operation safety of the high-speed train.

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Laboratory of mechanic, mechatronic and command in high Engineering School (ENSAM-Meknes) supported this work. All acknowledgements to the team members and to moroccon society of high-speed trains, which has initiated this project.

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