Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes0-39542 
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0
Creative Commons License

Volume 21 article 1057 pages: 127-135

Nursiah Chairunnisa*
Civil Engineering Study Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ade Yuniati Pratiwi
Civil Engineering Study Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Muhammad Syarif Syahputera
Civil Engineering Study Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ratni Nurwidayati
Civil Engineering Study Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Flowing concrete (FC) and self-compacting concrete (SCC) that are produced with admixtures can be a solution to the complexity of construction problems. Self-compacting concrete is a special type of flowing concrete, but flowing concrete is not necessarily self-compacting concrete. This paper investigates the adding type D and F admixtures with andesite stone as the potential local coarse aggregate materials which were abundantly available for flowing concrete and early strength concrete (ESC) performance. This study has two test categories: fresh concrete and hardened concrete. The fresh concrete category includes slump, slump flow, and T500 tests. Meanwhile, the hardened concrete category includes compressive, splitting tensile, and flexural strength tests. The experimental results indicated that the admixture type F dosage of 1.0%, 1.55% and 1.75% cement weight can enhance the compressive strength by 3.88%, 5.82% and 9.71% respectively. The combination of type F and D admixtures with dosage of 0.15% and 0.2% cement weight show a reduction in compressive strength by 12.62% and 3.89% respectively. On the other hand, both combination of admixtures can reach better performance on the final setting time which lead the slows the hydration process and provides adequate time to put concrete to the formwork. The results also show adequate correlations between compressive strength and the flexural strength. Furthermore, a prediction model is established the ratio of both value (f_tsp/f_c^') based on the regression analyses, while it decreases obviously with the increase of compressive strength. It can be clearly that the ratio is strongly affected by compressive strength.

View article

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia, under the scheme of DWM Grant, the agreement letter-number: 024.67/UN8.2/PL/2022.

1.      Amin, M., Supriyatna, Y. I., Isnugroho, K., Sudibyo, Septiana, R., and Syafriadi (2019). Process of andesite stone as material of cement substitution in making paving block. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. vol. 478, no. 1, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/478/1/012040.

2.      Czinder, B. and Török, Á. (2021). Strength and abrasive properties of andesite: relationships between strength parameters measured on cylindrical test specimens and micro-deval values—a tool for durability assessment. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. vol. 80, no. 12. pp. 8871–8889, doi: 10.1007/s10064-020-01983-9.

3.      Ferestade, I., Hosseini Tehrani, P., and Heidary, R. (2017). Fracture toughness estimation of ballast stone used in iranian railway. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. vol. 9, no. 5. pp. 892–899, doi: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2017.03.017.

4.      Kong, D., Xiao, Y., Wu, S., Tang, N., Ling, J., and Wang, F. (2017). Comparative evaluation of designing asphalt treated base mixture with composite aggregate types. Construction and Building Materials. vol. 156. pp. 819–827, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.09.020.

5.      Lenggono, T., Putra, D. P. E., and Setianto, A. (2018). The quality and distribution of andesite rock for construction materials. Journal of Applied Geology. vol. 3, no. 2. pp. 73–82.

6.      Uzun, S. and Terzi, S. (2012). Evaluation of andesite waste as mineral filler in asphaltic concrete mixture. Construction and Building Materials. vol. 31, no. June 2012. pp. 284–288, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.12.093.

7.      Walunj, A. K., Bhunia, D., Gupta, S., and Gupta, P. (2013). Investigation on the behavior of conventional reinforced coupling beams. no. 12. pp. 796–800.

8.      Zhang W, Zakaria M, H. Y. (2013). Influence of aggregate materials characteristics on the drying shrinkage properties of mortar and con_crete. Constr Build Mater. vol. 49. pp. 500–510, doi: conbuildmat.2013.08.069.

9.      Bachtiar, E. (2018). The self-compacting concrete (SCC) using seawater as mixing water without curing. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. vol. 13, no. 3. pp. 4057–4061, doi: 10.31227/

10.   Chairunnisa, N., Ruzhanah, H., Hairida, and Daniel, L.. (2022). The properties of preplaced aggregate concrete technology contain the industrial waste-material and the various shapes and sizes of coarse aggregate. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. vol. 1212, no. 1. p. 012036, doi: 10.1088/1757-899x/1212/1/012036.

11.   Dawood, E. T. and Al-Heally, M. S. F. (2021). Effect of recycled materials and hybrid fibers on the properties of self-compacting concrete. Journal of Applied Engineering Science. vol. 19, no. 1. pp. 262–269, doi: 10.5937/jaes0-28558.

12.   Epa, W. B. Y. (2011). Characteristics and performance of regional. 2011.

13.   Rasiah, S. (2015). Properties of flowing concrete and self-compacting concrete with high-performance superplasticier properties of flowing concrete and self-compacting concrete with high-performance superplasticier. no. September. pp. 17–20.

14.   EFNARC (2005). The european guidelines for self-compacting concrete. The European Guidelines for Self Compacting Concrete. no. May. p. 63.

15.   ASTM-C1017. (2013). Standard specification for chemical admixtures for use in producing flowingconcrete.

16.   Chairunnisa, N., Nurwidayati, R., and Gusti Muhammad Madani, S. (2022). The effect of natural fiber (banana fiber) on the mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete. Journal of Applied Engineering Science. vol. 20, no. 2. pp. 331–338, doi: 10.5937/jaes0-32879.

17.   Chairunnisa, N. and Fardheny, A. F. (2019). The study of flowability and the compressive strength of grout/mortar proportions for pre- placed concrete aggregate (PAC). MATEC Web of Conferences. vol. 280. p. 04010, doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201928004010.

18.   Melo, K. A. and Wellington L. Repette (2006). Optimization of superplasticizer content in self-compacting concrete. 2006. doi: DOI:10.1007/978-1-4020-5104-3_57.

19.   Zeyad, A. M. and Almalki, A. (2020). Influence of mixing time and superplasticizer dosage on self-consolidating concrete properties. Journal of Materials Research and Technology. vol. 9, no. 3. pp. 6101–6115, doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.04.013.

20.   Goodspeed, C. H., Vanikar, S., and Cook, R. A. (1996). High-performance concrete defined for highway structures. Concrete International. vol. 18, no. 2. pp. 62–67.

21.   Russell, Henry G.;Ozyildirim, H. C. (2006). Revising high-performance concrete classifications. Concrete International, American Concrete Institute,. vol. 28, no. 28. pp. 43–49.

22.   Kosmatka and Steven H. Wilson, M. L. (2011). Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures – The Guide to Applications, Methods and Materials. 2011.

23.   Yasin, A. K., Bayuaji, R., and Susanto, T. E. (2017). A review in high early strength concrete and local materials potential. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. vol. 267, no. 1, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/267/1/012004.

24.   Okamura, H. (1997). Self-compacting high-performance concrete. Concrete International. vol. 19, no. 7. pp. 50–54.

25.   ASTM C494/C494M-19 (2019). Standard specification for chemical admixtures for concrete. ASTM International. vol. 04. pp. 1–15.

26.   Ben aicha M, Burtschell Y, Hafidi Alaoui A, E. H. K. and O, J. (2017). Correlation between bleeding and rheological characteristics of self-compacting concrete. J Mater Civ Eng. vol. 29, no. 6. p. 05017001.

27.   Fukuda K, Mizunuma T, Izumi T, Iizuka M, H. M. Slump control and properties of concrete with a new superplasticizer. i: laboratory studies and tests methods. in: vasquez e, editor. proceedings of the intern, in RILEM Symposium on Admixtures for Concrete. Improvement of Properties.

28.   Alsadey, S. and Aljenkawi, A. S. (2021). Retarder chemical admixture : a major role in modern concrete materials retarder chemical admixture : a major role in modern concrete materials. no. July.

29.   ASTM C33/C33M − 18 (2010). Concrete aggregates 1. vol. i, no. C. pp. 1–11.

30.   BSN (2011). SNI 1974-2011 cara uji kuat tekan beton dengan benda uji silinder. BSN. p. 20.

31.   Syafrudin, M. P. N. (2005). Pengaruh pengurangan kandungan air dan penambahan superplasticizer pada komposisi campuran beton kuat tekan 30 dan 40 mpa, 2005. [Online]. Available:

32.   EFNARC (2002). Specification and guidelines for self-compacting concrete. Report from EFNARC. vol. 44, no. February. p. 32, [Online]. Available:

33.   Nihal Arιoglu, Z. Canan Girgin, and E. A. and A (2006). Evaluation of ratio between splitting tensile strength and compressive strength for concretes up to 120 mpa and its application in strength criterion. paper by nihal artoglu, z. canan girgin, and ergin artoglu. ACI Materials Journal. vol. 103, no. 6. pp. 483–485.

34.   C, Avram; I, Fǎcǎoaru; I, Filimon; O, Mirsu and I, T. (1983). Concrete strength and strains, vol. 5, no. 2. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, 1983. doi: 10.1016/0262-5075(83)90032-5.

35.   ASTM C78/C78M - 02 (2002). Astm c78/c78m - 02: Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading)ASTM International. USA. vol. 04.02.

36.   Choucha, S., Benyahia, A., Ghrici, M., and Said Mansour, M. (2018). Correlation between compressive strength and other properties of engineered cementitious composites with high-volume natural pozzolana. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering. vol. 19, no. 5. pp. 639–646, doi: 10.1007/s42107-018-0050-3.

37.   Ahmed, M., Dad Khan, M.K., Wamiq, M. (2008). Effect of concrete cracking on the lateral response of rcc buildings. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering Building and Housing. vol. 9, no. 1. pp. 25–34.

38.   Legeron, F., Paultre, P. (2000). Prediction of modulus of rupture of concrete. ACI Structural Journal. vol. 97, no. 2. pp. 193–200, doi: 10.14359/823.

39.   ACI Committee 363 (1997). State-of-the-art report on highstrength concrete. ACI 363R-92. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills..

40.   Mindess, S; Young, J; Darwin, D. (2003). Concrete, second ed, Secon ed. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River., 2003.

41.   Selim, P. (2008). Experimental investigation of tensile behavior of high strength concrete. Indian Journal of Engineering and Materials Sciences. vol. 15, no. 6. pp. 467–472.

42.   Chhorn, C., Hong, S. J., and Lee, S. W. (2018). Relationship between compressive and tensile strengths of roller-compacted concrete. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition). vol. 5, no. 3. pp. 215–223, doi: 10.1016/j.jtte.2017.09.002.