Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes14-9551
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions. 
Creative Commons License

Volume 14 article 396 pages: 409-421

Zoran Popovic
Institute for Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Ivana Soucek
University of Chemistry and Technology (UCT), Technicka 5, Prague, Czech Republic

Dalibor Marinkovic
Institute for Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Ozren Ocic
Institute for Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Crude bio-glycerin is a by-product in the production of biodiesel. An economically efficient valorization of crude bio-glycerin usually significantly defines the profitability of the biodiesel plant. A strong technological development in recent years has provided an additional option for economically viable use of glycerin through conversion of a crude bio-glycerin, in first step into a technical glycerin, and then further by use of new catalytic processes into various .green chemicals., such as epichlorohydrin, propylene-glycol, bio-methanol, acrolein, acrylic acid, etc. Many of those newly-developed technologies are already in use on an industrial scale.This trend had caused a growth in demand of bio-glycerin, which gradually has led to a rise of bio-glycerin.s market value and contributed to an overall growth in profitability of biodiesel industry. This paper has the aim to assess: global availability of the emerging technologies intended for valorization of bio-glycerin via production of commercially attractive .green chemicals., local and regional availability of bio-glycerin for an economically justifiable production of .green chemicals., and local and regional potential for marketing of the most viable .green chemicals.. All market assessments and expected challenges that are stated in this paper took into account a reality that development of the biodiesel industry is still largely influenced by government subsidies and mandates, and also by a price of crude oil.

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The project is financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development Republic of Serbia (Project No. III 45001).

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