Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes11-4731
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions. 
Creative Commons License

Volume 11 article 261 pages: 169 - 176

Dragan Ruzic
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, Serbia

Borivoj Stepanov
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, Serbia

In this paper, the infl uence of solar radiation direction and intensity on thermal fl ux on passenger vehicle driver’s body was analysed. The analysis was carried out on a virtual model of a vehicle cabin. The results showed that the highest heat fl ux caused by solar radiation could occur when the sun is shining in the front of the vehicle, as proposed in standard ISO 14505-2: 2008. Under these conditions, driver’s chest is the segment with the highest heat fl ux. The unfavourable situation due to highly asymmetric thermal condition is also when the sun is shining on the left side of the cabin. From that reason, paying attention to solar characteristics of glass and to design of air distribution system in such way that air-conditioner vents can be directed to areas with the highest fl uxes is an effi cient way to reduce the driver’s and passenger’s thermal stress.

View article

This research was done as a part of the project TR35041 - “Investigation of the safety of the vehicle as part of cybernetic system: Driver-Vehicle-Environment”, which was supported by the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development. The authors wish to thank Dr Masa Bukurov for enabling the use of the CFD software STAR CCM+.

Bohm, M., Holmer, I., Nilsson, H., Noren, O. (2002): Thermal Effects of Glazing in Driver’s Cabs, JTI-rapport, JTI - Swedish Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Uppsala, Sweden

Daanen, H.A.M., van de Vliert, E., Huang, X. (2005): Driving performance in cold, warm and thermoneutral environments, Applied Ergonomics, 34, pp. 597-602.

Dadour, I.R., Almanjahie, I., Fowkes, N.D., Keady, G., Vijayan, K. (2011): Temperature Variations in a Parked Vehicle, Forensic Science International, 207, pp. 205-211

Glisovic, J. Demic, M., Miloradovic, M. (2011): Review of Virtual Reality Applications for Reducing Time and Cost of Vehicle Development Cycle, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 9(3), pp. 361-372

Han, T., Huang L. (2005): A Sensitivity Study of Occupant Thermal Comfort in a Cabin Using Virtual Thermal Comfort Engineering, 2005 SAE World Congress, SAE Tech. paper 2005-01-1509, Detroit, USA

Huizenga, C., Zhang, H., Mattelaer, P., Yu, T., Arens, E., Lyons, P. (2006): Window Performance for Human Thermal Comfort, Final Report to the National Fenestration Rating Council, Center for the Built Environment, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Incropera, F. P., DeWitt, D. P. (1981): Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer, New York: John Wiley & Sons

Lee, W.J., Jang, E.Y., Lee, S.H., Ryou, H.S., Choi, S., Kim, Y. (2013): Infl uence of the spectral solar radiation on the air fl ow and temperature distributions in a passenger compartment, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 75, pp. 36-44

Mitic, S., Rakicevic, B., Stamenkovic, D., Popovic, V. (2011): Advanced theoreticalexperimental method for optimization of dynamic behaviour of fi refi ghting vehicle modular superstructures, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 9(1), pp. 267-275

Ognjanovic, M. (2008): Design in Mechanical Engineering - Multidisciplinary Approach, Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privredu, 20, pp. 15-22

Parsons, K. (2003) Human thermal environments: The effects of hot, moderate and cold environments on human health, comfort and performance, 2nd ed., London: Taylor &Francis

Rugh, J. & Farrington, R. (2008): Vehicle Ancillary Load Reduction Project Close-Out Report, Technical Report NREL/TP-540-42454, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, USA

Ruzic, D., Bikic, S. (2013): An approach to the modeling of a virtual thermal manikin, Thermal Science, DOI:10.2298/TSCI130115115R, OnLine-First,

Rucic, D., Casnji, F. (2011): Agricultural tractor cab characteristics relevant for microclimatic conditions, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 9(2), pp. 323-330

Ruzic, D., Casnji, F. (2012) Thermal Interaction Between a Human Body and a Vehicle Cabin, Heat Transfer Phenomena and Applications, Rijeka: InTech, pp. 295-318

Ruzic, D., Casnji F., Muzikravic V. (2007): Karakteristike stakla kao faktor od uticaja na mikroklimu u traktorskoj kabini, Traktori i pogonske masine, 12(4), pp. 92-97

Sekulic, D., Dedovic, V. (2011): Intercity bus users vibration comfort analysis through an oscillatory model with seven DOF using ADAMS/VIEW software, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 9(3), pp. 401-410, accessed on January 10th, 2013

ISO 14505-2: 2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Evaluation of the thermal environment in vehicles, Part 2: Determination of equivalent temperature

Saint-Gobain Sekurit, Glazing Manual,, retrieved on January 15th, 2013

STAR-CCM+, User Guide, CD-Adapco