This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions.
Volume 14 article 377 pages: 248-259
This paper analyzes
the issue of reindustrialization of Serbia, from the standpoint of industrial
competitiveness. The authors believe that reindustrialization is necessary and
possible only in those industries that have considerable potential for growth
of competitiveness on the international market. The key assumptions for this
are constant growth of innovation and productivity, as well as other factors that
essentially rely on new knowledge and new technology. This development trend is
present in all advanced economies, including the European Union, to which Serbia
aspires. In recent years, reindustrialization has become an increasingly
dominant development strategy on a global scale. It involves a very ambitious
plan related to the development of modern and sophisticated, environmentally responsible
and energy-efficient industries, especially manufacturing sectors, which employ
highly professional workers and foster close cooperation with universities and
research institutes. In this context, governments, rather than the markets, are
becoming the main change drivers, as they can contribute to creating the
necessary industrial “state of mind”, which implies new redistribution of tasks
and effects of labor among the key stakeholders in the process of creating new
values: employees, owners, government, science, education, etc.
ECSIP, (2014) Study on the relation between industry and services in terms of productivity and value creation, Final report, Study for the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry, Vienna
European Commission (2009) Sectoral Growth drivers and competitiveness in the European Union, Enterprise and Industry DG, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
European Commission (2013) “European Competitiveness Report 2013, towards knowledge-driven reindustrialization”, European Commission Staff Working Document
European Commission (2014) Industrial policy indicators and analysis, Monthly note, January.
Group of authors, (2015). Development Report, Ministry of Economy, Belgrade
Montresor, S. and G.V. Marzetti (2011) ‘The deindustrialisation/tertiarisation hypothesis reconsidered: a subsystem application to the OECD 7’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 401-421.
Porter, M. E (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, The Free Press, New York, SAD.
Reinstaller, A. et al (2012) The development of productive structures of EU Member States and their international competitiveness, commissioned by the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry.
einstaller, A., W. Hölzl, J. Kutsam and C. Schmid (2012) The development of productive structures of EU Member States andtheir international competitiveness, WIFO research study.
Rodrik, Dani, (2009) Normalizing Industrial Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Pokrajac, S. Josipovic, S. (2015), ’’Zelena industrija’’ i proces reindustrijalizacije, ’Ekonomski vidici’, 2-3/2015
Stollinger, R., N. Foster, M. Holzner, Landesmann, M. Pöschl J. and Stehrer. R. (2013) A ‘manufacturing imperative’ in the EU – Europe’s position in global manufacturing and the role of industrial policy, wiiw Research Report.
UNIDO, (2013). The Industrial Competitiveness of Nations, Looking back, forging ahead, Competitive Industrial Performance Report 2012/2013, United nations industrial development organization, Vienna
http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/, Accessed on: 20 November 2015 at 20,00 h
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database, Accessed on: 20 November 2015 at 21,00 h