Istrazivanja i projektovanja za privreduJournal of Applied Engineering Science


DOI: 10.5937/jaes13-6445
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 terms and conditions. 
Creative Commons License

Volume 13 article 311 pages: 35-44

Salim Khoso
Quaid-e-Awam University College of Engineering, Sciences & Technology (QUCEST), Sakrand Road, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan

Farhan Hussain Wagan
Quaid-e-Awam University College of Engineering, Sciences & Technology (QUCEST), Sakrand Road, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan

Abdul Hanan Tunio
Assign Engineering Consult Intl.

Abdul Aziz Ansari
Quaid-e-Awam University College of Engineering, Sciences & Technology (QUCEST), Sakrand Road, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan

Apparently with two thirds of the earth’s surface covered by water, it is evidently clear that water is one of the most important elements responsible for life on earth. It is not only vital for sustenance of life, but equally essential for socio-economic development. Water is the unique gift of God and the basic requirement of life. Due to the high indulgence and exploitation of human being with nature, the global environment is changing every day. As a result the water resources are depleting gradually. The global fresh water shortage and food security issues related to the teeming billions of population necessitated the shifting of fresh water from agriculture to other more pressing uses. The country is facing the worst ever crises of water shortage for last many years, as water available for any given use has become increasingly scarce. The rapidly growing population, expanding of irrigation areas, and growing urban & Industrialization are putting more stresses on water resources. Therefore, building of more reservoirs and an effective management strategy are the needs of time. The problem of water shortage particular in Sindh is crucial as being the end user and lower riparian on the Indus basin irrigation system.

View article

Adebayo, A. (2007) Adaptive Water Management System in Nigerian Peri-urban Center, A paper presented at 4th Annual Association of Nigerian Geographers conference, held at University of Abuja, Nigeria, 15th -19th October, 2007

Allan, J.A. (1999) Productive efficiency and allocate efficiency: why better water management may not solve the problem, Agricultural Water Management 40,71-75.

Burton, M. (1999) Note on proposed framework and activities, Prepared for the IWMI.DSI.CEVMBER Research Programme on Institutional Support Systems for Sustainable Management of Irrigation in Water – Short Basins, Izmir.

Clarke, R. (1993) Water: The International Crisis Earth scan, London.

Cleaver, F. (1999) Paradoxes of participation: questioning participatory approaches to development, Journal of International Development 11, 597 – 612.

Enum Naseer (2013) Pakistan’s Water Crisis, Spread head Research Special Report

Gandapur Fateh Ullah Khan (2010) Silting is destructive for life of reservoirs and for agricultural development, Fateh Gandapur’s blog on Water issues in Pakistan.

Heathcote, I.W. (1998) Integrated Watershed Management. Principles and Practice. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Iqbal Ali (1993) Irrigation and Hydraulic Structures Theory, design and practice.

Marella L. Richard (1998) Water Use Trends and Demand Projections in the Northwest Florida Water Management District, U.S. Geological Survey.

Mehta, I., (2000) Water for the twenty-first century; challenges and misconception, IDS Working Paper 111, IDS, Brighton.

Memon A. Altaf (2002) An Overview of the History and Impacts of the Water Issue in Pakistan, Proceedings of International Conference on “Sindh, the Water Issue and the Future of Pakistan,” The World Sindhi Institute, November 9, Washington, DC, 2002

Molden, D. (1997) Accounting for water use and productivity, SWIM Paper No.1, International Irrigation Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Sarvesh Chauhan (2013) The Role of Agriculture in Economic development of Pakistan,, retrieved on 28.01.2011

Story of Pakistan (2003) Indus Water Treaty, , retrieved on 1.06.2003.

Walton, W.K. (1970) The World of Water, Weilder Feld and Nicolson, London.

Water crisis in Pakistan and its remedies (2014),, retrieved on 14.07.2014

Zahir Kazmi (2014), Pakistan’s Energy Security, retrieved on 07.01.2014